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The Fortified Rectory

A Grade II* Listed Building in Carew, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6892 / 51°41'21"N

Longitude: -4.8305 / 4°49'49"W

OS Eastings: 204452

OS Northings: 202733

OS Grid: SN044027

Mapcode National: GBR GB.9RSG

Mapcode Global: VH2PJ.7S5X

Entry Name: The Fortified Rectory

Listing Date: 14 May 1972

Last Amended: 6 February 1997

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 5947

Building Class: Domestic

Location: 100 m SW of St Mary's churchyard.

County: Pembrokeshire

Town: Tenby

Community: Carew (Caeriw)

Community: Carew

Locality: Carew Cheriton

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Carew

History

Carew Rectory was included in the grant of Royal property to the Bishopric in 1547 in exchange for Lamphey Palace. The mediaeval part of the house is its W range, about 10 m in length. A lateral chimney stands against the N wall. It has a cross-wing roof at its E end, the trusses of which remain visible internally. An upper floor has been inserted served by a stone staircase in a lateral outshut against the S wall. This part predates the fortified element, which is a three-storey defensive tower with a large winding staircase in a side turret. There appears to have been a first-floor entrance to the tower beneath a four-centred Tudor arch. That the fortified tower is secondary is evident as an upper door from it into the main house could be defended on the tower side.

The Rectory was garrisoned in the Civil War, and after the war it, like the Castle, fell into decay, so that Fenton in 1811 described it as unroofed and in ruins. It was taken back into use in the early C19, and a double-pile two-window and two-storey block added at the E end. A fine C18 staircase saved from Lawrenny Hall was installed c.1850. The new wing contains a dining room at the front above a vaulted cellar and a kitchen at the rear. The Church Commissioners sold the house into private ownership in 1908.

Exterior

At the entrance to the grounds there is a 40 m length of high wall with a raised section incorporating a large archway.To the S and W of the house is a walled garden, and the Former Tithe Barn is about 50 m to the NW.
The house is approached from the N side. The defensive tower is central, with the early part on the right and the C19 wing at the left. Mostly random-rubble masonry, some of it coursed. The main roofs are gabled with slates and a tiled ridge. There is an end-chimney at the W and two chimneys attached to the tower; another in the centre of the E wing. The central tower and the adjacent stairs turret have the start of corbelled parapets but with a later hipped roof and no surviving crenellations. Twelve-pane sash windows in the older parts, 16-pane hornless sash windows in the E wing, all C19, with rendered surrounds. In the defensive tower one of the windows occupies the space of an earlier larger opening beneath a four-centred arch at first-floor level. The present main doorway is beneath this. The stairs turret beside the tower is lit by loopholes and by one inserted sash window at the side.

Interior

The early cross-wing roof consists of four surviving arch-braced collar-beam trusses with a wide chamfer to the underside. The trusses are not visible above collar level and nothing is visible of any purlins or windbracing.

A doorway from the defensive tower into the main part of the house has holes in the stone reveals for a bar to be drawn across.

Reasons for Listing

Listed II* as a rectory retaining substantial medieval fabric, including a fortified tower and with later remodelling work of some quality.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II St. Mary's Churchyard Wall
    Wall to the churchyard of St Mary's, with gates to the N, W and S.
  • II Grove Manor
    In extensive grounds immediately S of St Mary's churchyard. There is a gateway in the churchyard wall for the use of this house. High boundary wall to the access lane with iron gate.
  • I Old Mortuary Chapel
    Within St Mary's Churchyard, about 30 m NW of the Church.
  • I Church Of St. Mary
    In Carew Cheriton, 300 m S of the A477.
  • II Old Almshouses
    At NW corner of St. Mary's churchyard, facing W to the lane. The almshouses are the last two remaining from a row known in the C19 as 'Alms Row'. A mounting-block is adjacent to the N gable.
  • II Old School and Schoolteacher's House
    In the village of Carew Cheriton about 100 m N of the Church. There is a small playground at the N of the school and a garden S of the house.
  • II Milepost at junction of A477 with A4075
    Immediately west of the junction of the A477 with the A4075, on the S side of Carew Village.
  • II Milton Bridge
    In the village of Milton, about 30 m N of the A477 road.

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