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Kilgetty Colliery Engine House

A Grade II Listed Building in Stepaside, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7377 / 51°44'15"N

Longitude: -4.6975 / 4°41'51"W

OS Eastings: 213839

OS Northings: 207775

OS Grid: SN138077

Mapcode National: GBR GF.3QWY

Mapcode Global: VH2PD.JLG7

Entry Name: Kilgetty Colliery Engine House

Listing Date: 31 July 1991

Last Amended: 1 September 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 6556

Building Class: Industrial

Location: In the yard of Stepaside Coachworks off Kilgetty Lane in Stepaside 15 m NE of the weighbridge office. It served the Engine Pit, which was about 12 m from the front wall of the engine house.

County: Pembrokeshire

Town: Tenby

Community: Amroth

Community: Amroth

Locality: Stepaside

Built-Up Area: Stepaside

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Stepaside

History

Kilgetty Colliery consisted of several pits, the first documented of which was sunk in 1775. These were abandoned and re-opened on numerous occasions. A beam engine was bought from the Neath Abbey Iron Company for the colliery in c.1811, and further pits were sunk in the 1840s. During the 1850s the colliery prospered, providing coal for the Kilgetty (or Stepaside) Ironworks, but it declined in the 1860s. It last operated from 1937 to 1939 under the Kilgetty Anthracite Colliery Company, when over 250 men were employed. The engine house is first clearly marked on the 1906 25" O.S. map, but it is probably very much older. The building is an extremely rare example of a colliery winding engine house of a small and inexpensive type, although such buildings were formerly common. It is particularly rare in showing alteration and reconstruction for continued use, although this practice was typical. It is also one of very few remaining buildings representative of the important Pembrokeshire coal industry.

Exterior

The pit this house served was of 49 fathoms and was named 'Engine Pit'. The engine house is about 7 m by 5 m wide, standing on an irregular sandstone plinth built into the slope, with a superstructure of red brick and a gabled green-slate roof. The sandstone base of the structure belongs to an earlier engine house, possibly that for the Neath Abbey Iron Company engine, purchased in c.1811. The three square openings into the base at the front (to the NW) and one at the right side are typical of beam-engine houses of this period. An external stone staircase rises on the right side to the doorway. The upper and front part of the building has been altered in brickwork, in the late C19 or later, for the installation of a new winding engine. The brickwork is projected out in two narrow baffles to the front, carrying the roof beyond the fa├žade to an overhanging boarded gable. Below this a planked wall rises from the original stone plinth, and contains a tall opening, with hinges on either side. The winding cables would have passed through this aperture. (This has been blocked in timber in its lower half and a small-paned steel window fitted above.) There are two more windows in the upper part, a C19 cast-iron window at the rear and a late C20 window towards the rear of the NE side.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an extremely rare example of a colliery winding engine house of a small and inexpensive type, although such buildings were formerly common . It is particularly rare in showing alteration and reconstruction for continued use, although this practice was typical. It is also one of a very few buildings representative of the important Pembrokeshire coal industry.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Kilgetty Colliery Chimney Base
    In the yard of Stepaside Coachworks off Kilgetty Lane, behind the Weighbridge Office and to the N of the winding engine house of Engine Pit.
  • II Kilgetty Colliery Weighbridge Office
    On the N side of Kilgetty Lane in the hamlet of Stepaside, at the entrance to Stepaside Coachworks.
  • II Tramway Bridge
    Over Ford's Lake in the village of Stepaside, to the SE of Brook Cottages. Ford's Lake is the Community boundary between Amroth and Kilgetty/Begelly.
  • II Tramway Bridge
    Over Ford's Lake in the village of Stepside, to the SE of Brook Cottages. Ford's Lake is the Community boundary between Amroth and Kilgetty/Begelly.
  • II Workshops
    Part of Kilgetty Ironworks on the W side of Pleasant Valley. The workshops are at the N of the site, beside the footpath to Stepaside.
  • II Double Engine House
    In Kilgetty Ironworks, on the W side of Pleasant Valley. The Engine House stands a short distance to the N of the Casting Shed.
  • II Walls and Kilns above Furnace Bank
    On high ground to the rear of Kilgetty Ironworks, on the W side of Pleasant Valley.
  • II Furnace Bank Revetment Wall
    Kilgetty Ironworks is at the W side of Pleasant Valley. The furnace bank is a high retaining structure about 20 m W of the Ironworks casting shed.

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