History in Structure

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The Smithy

A Grade II Listed Building in Berriew, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5993 / 52°35'57"N

Longitude: -3.1999 / 3°11'59"W

OS Eastings: 318826

OS Northings: 300841

OS Grid: SJ188008

Mapcode National: GBR 9Y.96W3

Mapcode Global: WH79V.TXFP

Entry Name: The Smithy

Listing Date: 26 October 1953

Last Amended: 21 August 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 7672

Building Class: Industrial

Location: On the corner of Church Terrace and the B4390 road out of the village to the NE.

County: Powys

Community: Berriew (Aberriw)

Community: Berriew

Built-Up Area: Berriew

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire

Find accommodation in
Berriew

History

The cottage was probably built towards the end of the C17: it certainly pre-dates the 1774 inscription, which may refer to alterations. In 1764 the house was described as timber with plastered walls and thatched roof, and consisted of a kitchen, chamber and buttery with smiths shop adjoining. It was altered by the Vaynor Estate c1850 - the prominent chimney, and perhaps the brick nogging, date from this time. The smithy which adjoins the cottage is probably contemporary with it (though with mid C19 extensions to the rear), but the stable which adjoins it was rebuilt after being destroyed by fire in 1981.

Exterior

Timber framed with painted brick nogging, high brick plinth, and slate roof with massive brick gable end stack with 4 octagonal shafts. Box framed in square panels with continuous middle rail; queen post and collar strut truss visible in gable. Dated on the middle rail towards its right hand end, 1774, with initials E.G. Central doorway in gabled brick and timber porch, flanked by 2-light casement windows which have the bracketed hoods typical of Vaynor Estate work of the mid C19. 2 gabled dormers within the roof. Wide brick rear wing probably mid-late C19, with chamfered architraves to paired casement windows on each floor.

Lower outbuildings to the right comprise the former smithy and associated stabling: smithy is timber framed with brick nogging, and brick rear wing. Stabling (rebuilt following fire 1981) is partly brick but largely timber framed and weatherboarded. 3 stable doors facing onto rear yard.
Interior: Cottage has a 2-room plan, with stairs winding alongside gable end stack. Former service rooms accommodated in rear wing (dairy and tack rooms etc.), now converted for domestic use.

Reasons for Listing

An excellent example of a smithy complex, with a well-preserved cottage which is of interest not only for the quality of its original vernacular construction, but also for its remodelling as an estate cottage in the C19.

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