History in Structure

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The Great House

A Grade II* Listed Building in Cowbridge, Vale of Glamorgan

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4618 / 51°27'42"N

Longitude: -3.4482 / 3°26'53"W

OS Eastings: 299485

OS Northings: 174646

OS Grid: SS994746

Mapcode National: GBR HK.M5CR

Mapcode Global: VH6F8.5JX6

Plus Code: 9C3RFH62+PP

Entry Name: The Great House

Listing Date: 5 December 1963

Last Amended: 16 September 1999

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13221

Building Class: Commercial

Location: Prominent tall building about 80m E of junction with Church Street.

County: Vale of Glamorgan

Community: Cowbridge with Llanblethian (Y Bont-faen a Llanfleiddan)

Community: Cowbridge with Llanblethian

Locality: Cowbridge

Built-Up Area: Cowbridge

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Cowbridge

History

C16 L-shaped first floor hall house, dating probably from mid to later C16 and possibly built by the Carnes of Nash Manor; C18 and later alterations including NW and furthest SE rear wings. On a smaller scale but with similar stylistic external features to St Fagans Castle or Upper House (Ty Mawr) Llantwit Major, that is, with its mullioned windows and with its two conjoined gables and parapet in front elevation, the gables (with ball finials) and parapet.

Exterior

Two storeys and attic; front elevation of 4 bays paired gables to attic. Roughcast cladding and slate gabled roof. On ground floor, from left hand, four stone steps lead to semi-circular headed door opening with six fielded panelled door, fanlight with radiating tracery and open pediment on reeded pilasters; two sash windows each three panes wide; second doorway as in first bay; lastly shop front with possibly C19 casing but with C20 windows. On first floor, four 12-pane sash windows, and, in attic storey, a small Venetian window of vernacular form to each gable.

An original transomed and mullioned window in NW side elevation; a four-light transomed and mullioned window visible from the staircase of no 30, in SE side elevation. In rear elevation, from left hand, a two-light stone mullioned window, a corbelled chimney and thirdly, now concealed by an C18 to C19 NW rear wing, the original first floor entry, the last with moulded and chamfered depressed four-centred stone arch. Original SE rear wing with corbelled stone chimney on gable end.

Interior

Internally, apart from first floor entry, other original features hidden. Interior of original SE rear wing not inspected. Four fielded panel doors on first floor in no 34.

Reasons for Listing

Graded II* as amongst the finest surviving C16 gentry town houses. Group value with adjacent listed buildings.

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