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Church of Saint Mary

A Grade II Listed Building in Brymbo, Wrexham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0813 / 53°4'52"N

Longitude: -3.0538 / 3°3'13"W

OS Eastings: 329507

OS Northings: 354308

OS Grid: SJ295543

Mapcode National: GBR 73.9W4L

Mapcode Global: WH88R.2T25

Entry Name: Church of Saint Mary

Listing Date: 1 December 1995

Last Amended: 1 December 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13389

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: On the N side of Brymbo.

County: Wrexham

Community: Brymbo

Community: Brymbo

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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Ffrith

History

The first church in Brymbo was built close to the centre of the village in 1837-8. By 1869, the building was found to be structurally unstable, and the present church was built in 1871-2, designed by T H Wyatt, and built by J Roberts of Chester. Principal benefactors of the church included the Marquis of Westminster, Robert Roy and Henry Robertson (local industrialists associated with the Brymbo Iron Works), The Westminster Company, and the Great Western Railway Company.

Exterior

Nave with transepts and apsidal chancel. Rock-faced stone, with free-stone bands and dressings; slate roof with gabled bellcote on E gable of nave. Robustly detailed Early English style. Gabled SW porch with short shafts on high bases to unchamfered arch. Similar inner arch, with panelled and glazed doors (designed by Alfred Waterhouse) removed from Eaton Hall c1950. Broad chamfered lancet windows to nave, grouped 2-3-3 between buttresses in N wall. Similar lancet windows in transepts, and to W end, which has simple geometric traceried rose window above. Hipped roof vestry and organ chamber in E angle of each transept. Apsidal chancel has broad hollow chamfered lancet lights with hood moulds carried on block corbels, and raised continuous sill bands.

Interior

Nave of 4 principal bays defined by scissor braced trusses on wall posts sprung from corbels; subsidiary trusses are also scissor-braced. Chancel arch has detached red sandstone shafts supporting roll-moulded inner arch, and unchamfered outer arch. Similar arch moulding but with engaged shafts to transepts and with trumpet capitals to former organ chamber in chancel. Chancel has pitch-pine herringbone boarded roof, with timber rib vaulting to apse. Heavy trefoiled sedilia. Encaustic tiled floor (traditionally said to come from Saint Giles Church Wrexham - though Thomas mentioned Maws floor tiles in 1872).

Fittings: Nave seating is probably contemporary with the church, but many of the other fittings appear to have been introduced c1916. These could be the work of Cecil Hare who was responsible for similar work at other churches in the area. These fittings include a fine chancel screen, with Perpendicular open-work traceried panels, and vinescroll frieze, and similarly detailed reredos; simple traceried dado panelling to chancel; organ by Rushworth and Draper. Pulpit probably introduced in the later C19: stone base supporting heavy open-work traceried timber panels; contemporary font with clustered shafts supporting quatrefoil basin was the gift of the builder of the church. Stained glass in E windows forms a series, in which the central window was given by the architect, and the flanking lights by Mary Roy, in memory of her husband, Robert.

Reasons for Listing

A simple Victorian Gothic church in which consistency of detail and composition produce a strong architectural character. Interior fittings also of considerable quality.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Bryn Seion Chapel
    Alongside the road and prominently sited above the deep valley which forms the boundary between Broughton and Brymbo.
  • II* Former Agent's House at site of Brymbo Ironworks
    On the hillside to the S of the old ironworks site at Brymbo, adjacent to the rail line to Brymbo Colliery. Access by track and then steps from the main level of the ironworks.
  • II Ffrith Hall
    Prominently sited at the end of a short drive running W from the B5101 c0.5km S of Ffrith village.
  • II The Bottle Chimney
    Occupies an elevated site to the E of the Brymbo Lead Smelting Works site, between the reservoir and the Minera Road.
  • II Ffrwd Bridge
    Situated c0.75 km W of Sydallt where the B5102 crosses the River Alyn.
  • II Ffrith Farmhouse
    Situated on the SW side of Ffrith, reached from a track running W from the B5101.
  • II Pont Newydd y Ffrith
    Situated on the S side of Ffrith carrying the B5101 over the Nant y Ffrith.
  • II Ffrith Bridge
    Situated on the E side of Ffrith at the point at which Cymau Road becomes a track, the bridge carries the road over the River Cedigog.

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