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The Court House

A Grade II Listed Building in Caerphilly (Caerffili), Caerphilly

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5747 / 51°34'28"N

Longitude: -3.2202 / 3°13'12"W

OS Eastings: 315537

OS Northings: 186906

OS Grid: ST155869

Mapcode National: GBR HW.D2Q0

Mapcode Global: VH6DT.4PG6

Entry Name: The Court House

Listing Date: 15 February 1985

Last Amended: 18 February 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13568

Building Class: Commercial

Location: Set back from Cardiff Road on a sharp bend. Town centre position overlooking S lake to Caerphilly Castle at rear.

County: Caerphilly

Town: Caerphilly

Community: Caerphilly (Caerffili)

Community: Caerphilly

Locality: Caerphilly Centre

Built-Up Area: Caerphilly

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Caerphilly

History

Medieval with later additions. Built as a court house in the C14 on a burgage plot next to the S gate of Caerphilly Castle. The court was previously held inside the gatehouse. Repairs were undertaken to the roof by the Lord of Glamorgan in 1429. Originally 2 unit and single storey with central passage and entrance to rear. Raised to 2 storeys, and wings added to each end: W wing is late C17, E wing C19. A home of the Price family who also lived at Plas Watford. Now a Public House.

Exterior

Long 2-storey range. Roughcast with steep, stone-tiled roof. Two squat rendered ridge stacks, and end stack to L. Central gabled porch with bargeboards, probably C20, and planked door. Four windows to each storey, irregularly placed: 3 windows to L of entrance (the central one converted from a door) and 1 to R. Four-pane sash windows of various sizes, some horned, mainly with raised surrounds and under flat heads, those in the upper storey rising to the eaves. In the upper storey, 3 windows symmetrically placed above door and flanking windows and 1 window to far L. Small lean-to on L front. W gable end has 1 window. Two small lean-tos to E gable end with window above. Single-storey ranges with hipped roofs continue round to rear from E end. They include 2 late C20 glazed 2-storey pavilions.

Interior

The current entrance with symmetrical flanking windows is probably C19, and leads to a large room incorporating the units of the medieval court house. Large stack to L with back-to-back fireplaces, probably C17. The fireplace in the main room has a timber lintel and a small recess with stone lintel on its L side. Bar to rear, small fireplace to R with timber lintel, and toilet block beyond. The W room is C17 and has fireplace to E with timber lintel, possibly replaced. A doorway, now converted to a window, is opposite the stack and would have formed a lobby entrance. To the rear of the stack is a passage with the remnants of a fireplace staircase. Window in W gable end is infill of former fireplace. The 1st floor is cut-away in the W room revealing lap-jointed collar trusses with tie beams supported on short ties. The main range is said to have trusses consisting of low collars dovetail-lap jointed to the rafters and short braces.

Reasons for Listing

Listed for its origins as a C14 court house, the layout of which is still discernible. Good C17 and C19 detail.

Group value with Caerphilly Castle.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Memorial to David Williams
    In the park overlooking the lake immediately S of Caerphilly Castle.
  • I Caerphilly Castle
    On a low-lying marshy site surrounded by hills to the N, S and W. Two streams, the Nant Gledyr and Nant yr Aber, cross the area and drain into the R Rhymney which flows towards the E. These streams
  • II War Memorial
    In a prominent position opposite Caerphilly Castle, at the junction of Castle Street and Market Street.
  • II Wesley Methodist Church
    Located at the junction of Crescent Road and St Fagan's Street, just W of the town centre. Set into the slope with elevated entry over basement area.
  • II Van Road United Reformed Church
    On corner with Goodrich Street.
  • II Twyn County Junior School
    Located in the angle of East View and Southern Street. Surrounded by the playground, with the infants school of 1906 immediately to the W.
  • II Church of St Martin
    Located on the S side of Caerphilly town at the junction of Mountain Road and St Martins Road, just N of the railway station.
  • II Caerphilly Workmen's Hall and Institute
    Facing the NE corner of Caerphilly Castle, fronting Castle Street with Bedwas Road to the rear.

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