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Cilgerran Castle

A Grade I Listed Building in Cilgerran, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0571 / 52°3'25"N

Longitude: -4.6342 / 4°38'3"W

OS Eastings: 219498

OS Northings: 243135

OS Grid: SN194431

Mapcode National: GBR D0.DK6G

Mapcode Global: VH2MW.MKGC

Entry Name: Cilgerran Castle

Listing Date: 15 April 1994

Last Amended: 15 April 1994

Grade: I

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 14491

Building Class: Defence

Location: Situated on a bluff where the Afon Plysgog joins the River Teifi.

County: Pembrokeshire

Community: Cilgerran

Community: Cilgerran

Built-Up Area: Cilgerran

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Cilgerran

History

C13 Castle rebuilt after 1223 by William Marshal II, Earl of Pembroke, probably replacing an early C12 castle built by Gerald of Windsor; but the identification of Cilgerran with Gerald's castle of Cenarth Bychan is unproven. The castle named as Cilgerran is first mentioned when it was taken by Lord Rhys in 1164-5. It was retaken by William Marshal I, Earl of Pembroke in 1204, recovered by Llewellyn the Great in 1213, and retaken by William Marshal II in 1223. Cilgerran remained an independent Marcher lordship under the Marshals to 1245, the de Cantelupes of Abergavenny to 1273 and by descent to the Hastings family (Earls of Pembroke from 1339) to 1389, when it passed to the crown in default of heirs. It was possibly briefly captured by Owen Glyndwr in 1405.

The castle was already stripped of furnishings in 1275, and said to be ruinous in 1325, though some repairs were carried out for the Crown in 1388-90; it was said to have been laid waste in 1405.

Exterior

The ruins chiefly surround the inner ward, with two massive early C13 circular towers on the S side joined by curtain wall. To the W was the early C13 gatehouse of which the outer part has gone. The chapel may have been on the first floor. The W curtain wall over the steep drop to the Afon Plysgog is said to date to the later C13, and the partial remains of a NW tower possibly to the later C14. Insubstantial remains close the N side, above the Teifi.

Scheduled Ancient Monument Pe 2.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Ty Melyn including Garden Wall and Gate
    Situated on SW side some 30m from junction with High Street.
  • II The Cardiff Arms Inn
    Situated at W end of High Street.
  • II Angorfa
    Situated on the street line adjoining the Post Office.
  • II Bronwydd House
    Situated on corner of road to Rhos Hill, at end of short terraced row.
  • II Dinsdale
    Situated on corner of road to Rhos Hill, at end of short terraced row.
  • II Penuel Baptist Chapel
    Situated at W end of the village, W of junction with road to Rhos-hill. The chapel was built 1861-2 by John Evans of Cilgerran for ú750; the vestry in 1908-9 by W L Michael of Newcastle Emlyn for ú33
  • II Oakleigh
    Situated E of the road to Rhos Hill, the third house in terraced row.
  • II U-Plan Service Court Ranges
    Situated prominently above Afon Teifi, reached by drive from Coedmor Farm.

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