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Small Tramroad bridge over Nant Cedfyw, Shwt

A Grade II Listed Building in Garw Valley (Cwm Garw), Bridgend

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5759 / 51°34'33"N

Longitude: -3.5983 / 3°35'53"W

OS Eastings: 289339

OS Northings: 187545

OS Grid: SS893875

Mapcode National: GBR HC.CX7D

Mapcode Global: VH5H4.LN29

Entry Name: Small Tramroad bridge over Nant Cedfyw, Shwt

Listing Date: 30 July 1997

Last Amended: 30 July 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 18638

Building Class: Transport

Location: Situated at the confluence of the two streams in Cwm Cedfyw. Reached via a long track following the line of the old tramway, N of the farmstead of Shwt Uchaf and in the cwm E of Tyle-coch.

County: Bridgend

Community: Garw Valley (Cwm Garw)

Community: Garw Valley

Locality: Bettws

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Bettws

History

Small scale drift mines at Shwt developed 1820s and a tramway down the Cwm Nant Cedfyw was built 1828 by Vaughan Edwards Vaughan to transport the coal. This linked via an Incline Plane W of the Llynfi with the Dyffryn Llynfi Porthcawl Railway established 1825 primarily to transport iron from the works in the Llynfi Valley. Coal from Shwt was used by the early ironworks at Tondu to SW in 1830s under Robert Price, who, in order to avoid paying tolls to the Railway, extended this tramroad to Tondu; known as Sir Robert Price's Private Line, it ran along the W bank of the Llynfi, roughly parallel with the Railway though at a lower level, together with a leat built to provide water to the ironworks. This bridge, near the beginning of the line, crosses the stream to the right of the main track leading to Shwt and probably served the small mines along the tributary; some of the adits and ventilation shafts can still be traced.

Exterior

A small low arched rubble stone bridge across the Nant Cedfyw now bearing a track and formerly the horse-drawn tramway.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an unaltered structure dating from the early period of mining in the area and with strong connections both with the Dyffryn Llynfi and Porthcawl Railway and with the Tondu ironworks.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tyle-coch
    Approximately 1.5 km NW of Bettws and 2 km SE of Llangynwyd, down a short farm track off an old country lane linking a number of early farmsteads.
  • II Ty Isaf
    Situated near the SW boundary of the community on the hillside above the Llynfi Valley near the hamlet of Shwt, down a farm track off the rural lane linking the early farmsteads of this area.
  • I Church of St David, Bettws
    Situated on the hilltop at the centre of the village which became the core of a post-war estate development.
  • II Pont-y-rhyd-ddu (partly in Garw Valley community)
    The bridge carries the road to Shwt, Bettws and Llangeinor across the Afon Llyvni, near the road junction with the A4063.
  • II Walls flanking the inclined plane joining the Bettws tramway to the DLP Railway.
    The inclined plane rises from near road level at a steep angle to join the former Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway on the W side of the valley, half-way between Nicholls Road and the Shwt turning
  • II Cefn-ydfa farmhouse and adjoining ruins.
    The house stands on a platform site, on the NE slope of Mynnydd Baiden, and is reached by a long driveway from the A4063 between the Shwt turn and the Bridgend Paper Mills.

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