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Former colliery engine house at ETM Steel Fabrication

A Grade II Listed Building in Abersychan, Torfaen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7294 / 51°43'45"N

Longitude: -3.0819 / 3°4'54"W

OS Eastings: 325374

OS Northings: 203966

OS Grid: SO253039

Mapcode National: GBR J2.27HN

Mapcode Global: VH79K.JSKL

Entry Name: Former colliery engine house at ETM Steel Fabrication

Listing Date: 13 September 1994

Last Amended: 28 July 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 14869

Building Class: Industrial

Location: On the south-east side of the Varteg to Llanhilleth mountain road at The British. The engine house backs onto the road and faces the yard behind.

County: Torfaen

Town: Pontypool

Community: Abersychan

Community: Abersychan

Locality: The British

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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History

Former colliery engine house, built c1900 for Lower Navigation Colliery. It contained a fan engine driving a waddle fan on the south west end of the building, a winding engine for a shaft to the south east, and compressors and generators. It is an unusually early example of a combined engine house in which two or more functions were performed; an economical design embraced more fully in the following decades, especially by the Powell Duffryn Company. Waddle fans were among the most important mechanical fans in use in the late nineteenth century, and the only major fan to be invented and made in Wales.

Exterior

Two storeys high, of red brick with pilasters, corbelled string courses, and a deeply corbelled eaves cornice. The building has a hipped slate roof topped by red ridge tiles and finials. There are four tall, segmental arched windows to each of the long elevations on the first floor, all with small paned metal windows 7 x 4, and two windows to the north east elevation together with a central doorway reached by an external staircase. The windows have corbelled brick heads and surrounds. The ground floor has a series of smaller arched windows and circular holes for supply pipes and the fan drive. A further opening, probably for winding cables, has been blocked on the south east side . The brick supports for a waddle fan survive adjoining the south west end of the building, linked to the engine house interior by a doorway and drive-shaft hole (now blocked).

Interior

The interior is open to the roof at first floor level. All the machinery has been removed, and the hall is divided into office and workshop space. The ground floor is divided by massive brick walls and concrete columns which support the floor above and provided a base for the winding engine. The interior was not inspected at resurvey (January 1997).

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an early example of a colliery common engine hall, with a possibly unique surviving waddle fan base.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Former British Ironworks office and foundry quadrangle
    The most prominent building in the area of the former British Ironworks, about 1000m south west of St Thomas's Church, Talywain.
  • II British Colliery Pumping Engine House
    On the site of the British Ironworks about 100m north east of the former British Ironworks office and foundry quadrangle.
  • II Former Goods Shed of Abersychan and Talywain Station
    To the west of Talywain village, high on the embankment above The British and about 300m north of the Big Arch.
  • II Chimney
    About 500m to the west of The British on the south side of the mountain road to Abertillery.
  • II The Big Arch
    Located next to the B4246 and carries a disused railway embankment across a disused railway line now a track. The arch forms the visual and actual gateway to the former British Ironworks area.
  • II Church of St Thomas
    In the centre of Talywain standing in an extensive rectangular rubble walled churchyard.
  • II Garndiffaith Railway Viaduct
    Approximately 250m east of the B4246. Spanning the steep sided valley of the river Ffrwd between the northern part of Talywain and the southern part of Garndiffaith.
  • II Waterloo Cottage
    In the Talywain area of Abersychan, Waterloo Cottage is at the southern end of Fairfield (off Waterloo Road), where the road becomes a footpath.

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