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Capel Mawr (Jerusalem Welsh Presbyterian Chapel) with attached school room

A Grade II Listed Building in Rhosllanerchrugog, Wrexham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0091 / 53°0'32"N

Longitude: -3.0585 / 3°3'30"W

OS Eastings: 329075

OS Northings: 346280

OS Grid: SJ290462

Mapcode National: GBR 73.GFKY

Mapcode Global: WH77Z.ZMRH

Entry Name: Capel Mawr (Jerusalem Welsh Presbyterian Chapel) with attached school room

Listing Date: 15 January 1996

Last Amended: 15 January 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16845

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Close to the junction of Brook Street and Market Street, in the centre of the village.

County: Wrexham

Community: Rhosllanerchrugog (Rhosllannerchrugog)

Community: Rhosllanerchrugog

Built-Up Area: Rhosllanerchrugog

Traditional County: Denbighshire

Find accommodation in
Wynnstay

History

An inscription records that the chapel was built in 1770, and enlarged in 1837. The present entrance front dates from the later period. The adjoining school room was added c1900.

Exterior

The chapel is built of roughly coursed rubble and slate roof with red tile cresting. The adjoining school room is brick. Entrance in gable facing street: pedimented gable with inscribed stone in the apex; paired 4-panelled doors with leaded overlights in moulded architraves in Tuscan portico porch, flanked by round-arched windows. 3 similar windows above, with keystones to heads. 4-bay return elevations have camber headed windows to ground floor, and round arched windows with stressed keystones above: all are small-paned with margin lights. In the rear gable wall, a later brick projection housing the organ is flanked by high-set round arched windows. The chapel is linked to the school room to its left by a hipped-roofed entrance block, with gabled porch flanked by 3-light mullioned and transomed windows. School range comprises 5-bay single storeyed hall, articulated by buttresses, with blue brick impost bands linking the round-arched windows. Gabled porch on inner face.

Interior

The body of the chapel is a wide space, with slightly inclined floor, 2 off-centre aisles and canted gallery round 3 sides. This has panelled balustrade and is carried on cast-iron columns with Corinthian capitals. Plaster ceiling divided into panels, with rosettes to light fittings and vents. Coloured glass window from entrance lobby into chapel. Wrought metal scrolled posts carry moulded rail enclosing set fawr; trefoiled panelled wood pulpit, with curved stairs with turned baluster rails to either side. Organ in arched recess to rear. Fittings include grained wood seating, and a wood low relief war memorial tablet; also one pictorial stained glass window of 1927, by Jones and Wallis. Other windows have coloured glass margin lights. Corridor with deacons' meeting room connects the chapel to the school room: a hall of 5 bays with glazed brick dado timber roof trusses, divided by a moveable screen from a smaller room to the rear.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a fine late C18 and early C19 chapel which in its scale is a striking demonstration of the early development of Rhos.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Church of Saint John Evangelist
    In a wooded churchyard in the angle of Church Road and Cemetery Road.
  • II* Miners' Institute
    An imposing public building above street level, up steps in a railed forecourt.
  • II Penuel Baptist Chapel
    Prominently sited in the angle of High Street and Campbell Street.
  • II War Memorial
    Set in a small park on a mound above the level of the road, immediately W of the junction with Gardden Road.
  • II Bethlehem Independent Chapel
    Prominently sited, close to the junction of Hall Street with Mountain Street, at the NW end of the settlement.
  • II War Memorial
    On a refuge at the junction of High Street and Maelor Road, at the main junction in the centre of Johnstown.
  • II Llannerchrugog Hall
    O.75km NW of the built-up area of the village, set back amongst fields.
  • II Eddystone House
    At the summit of a short rise from the main A48 on the N side of Johnstown, close to Offa's Dyke.

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