History in Structure

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Bethlehem Independent Chapel

A Grade II Listed Building in Rhosllanerchrugog, Wrexham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0133 / 53°0'47"N

Longitude: -3.0607 / 3°3'38"W

OS Eastings: 328933

OS Northings: 346747

OS Grid: SJ289467

Mapcode National: GBR 73.G112

Mapcode Global: WH77Z.YJP9

Entry Name: Bethlehem Independent Chapel

Listing Date: 15 January 1996

Last Amended: 15 January 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17090

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Prominently sited, close to the junction of Hall Street with Mountain Street, at the NW end of the settlement.

County: Wrexham

Community: Rhosllanerchrugog (Rhosllannerchrugog)

Community: Rhosllanerchrugog

Built-Up Area: Rhosllanerchrugog

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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History

A re-sited datestone bears the date of 1812, but it seems unlikely that any of the existing building can be dated so early: the main front was however added to an earlier building (possibly of mid C19 date) in 1889.

Exterior

It is clear that the Rundbogenstil front was added to an earlier building: this is visible in each return elevation as a rough rubble wide gabled structure, with 3 camber-headed windows on each floor. The front of 1889 has wide central gable, flanked in a balanced asymmetrical composition, by a clock tower on the left, and a canted stair tower to the right. Rock-faced stone with freestone dressings. Clock tower of 3 stages, with arcaded windows in the lower storeys, the clock set into a blind arcade below the bell-cast spirelet. Recessed central gable has arcade of 3 bays to ground floor, with entrance doors set to either side into the projecting towers. Stepped triple round-arched window with engaged shafts above, with flanking single arched lights, above a balustraded string course. Canted stair tower has stepped round-arched stair windows, and paired windows above, set in squared architraves. Pyramidal roof.

Interior

The body of the chapel is very wide, with a canted gallery running around 3 sides. This is carried on fluted cast-iron shafts. Arched recess for organ enriched with pilasters with capitals, and moulded panels to underside of arch. Organ of 1908, by Norman and Beard. Plain panelled ceiling. Seating renewed c1926 - the set fawr was removed at this time. Curved steps with turned balusters to either side of pulpit, which has balustraded and fretwork panels.

Reasons for Listing

The chapel is an unusual example of the Rundbogenstil, and a prominent feature of Rhos.

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