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Latitude: 53.1328 / 53°7'58"N
Longitude: -3.7967 / 3°47'48"W
OS Eastings: 279889
OS Northings: 361021
OS Grid: SH798610
Mapcode National: GBR 64.6N5W
Mapcode Global: WH65X.NJ76
Entry Name: Raised walk at Gwydir Castle
Listing Date: 30 May 1996
Last Amended: 30 May 1996
Source ID: 16938
Building Class: Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces
Location: Listed as a mid-Tudor carved courtyard or garden arch, with associated walls. Additional NG Ref's 27970 36097 to 27988 to 36107 Group value with other listed items at Gwydir Castle.
Traditional County: Caernarfonshire
The raised walkway, known as the `Chinese Walk' in the C19 was probably constructed by Sir John Wynn, first Baronet of Gwydir during extensive improvements carried out on the estate in the 1590s. Its purpose appears to have been chiefly that of enclosing wall, possibly to the park on the S side, the enclosure of which is mentioned in 1597. However, it was also clearly intended for access from the first, as its width and stepped ascent at the Gwydir end testify. At the Conway end the wall originally swept around in an arc to follow the river northwards; here the wall is fragmentary. The surviving remains of what appear to have been a quay also appear at the end of the wall. It is thought that Sir John made the Conwy navigable for small ships and barges up to Gwydir, and there are certainly accounts of wine, tobacco etc. being delivered from London via Beaumaris. The wall therefore presumably also acted as a causeway leading to the quay; a water-colour of c.1785 shows the wall with an avenue of mature trees and, at the Gwydir end, with a square, pyramidal-roofed gazebo or lodge.
Long wall of approximately 2m height, 1.5m width and .5km length; constructed of large slate-stone and boulder blocks, roughly battered on the N side. Large roughly-dressed slate slabs form the coping/ wall-walk. It is possible that originally the wall was earthed over and grassed. At the Gwydir end a broad flight of 8 slatestone steps lead up to the wall top. These are flanked by stepped rubble parapets. At the top are early C19(?) rubble piers, formerly supporting a large slate lintel, thereby forming a flat-arched entrance; these are ruinous. At the Conwy end the wall is interrupted by a modern tractor opening, and continues beyond for a few further metres before becoming ruinous; late C19 iron and wire balustrade to wall top, partly missing.
Graded II* as a scarce surviving example of a late C16 parkland structure, probably associated with Sir John Wynn's work at Gwydir.
Group value with other listed items at Gwydir Castle.
Other nearby listed buildings