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Pencoed Castle Gatehouse

A Grade II* Listed Building in Langstone, Newport

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6008 / 51°36'2"N

Longitude: -2.859 / 2°51'32"W

OS Eastings: 340604

OS Northings: 189457

OS Grid: ST406894

Mapcode National: GBR JC.B9LJ

Mapcode Global: VH7BG.D1F4

Entry Name: Pencoed Castle Gatehouse

Listing Date: 19 December 1995

Last Amended: 19 December 1995

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17076

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Located at the front of the castle which is at the end of a narrow lane from by-road off the B4245, approx 1km S of Llandevaud village and 1km E of Llanmartin.

County: Newport

Community: Langstone

Community: Langstone

Locality: Llandevaud

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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History

Gatehouse to the fortified Tudor manorhouse thought to have been built by Sir Thomas Morgan during the first quarter of the C16 on the site of a moated Norman castle held in 1270 by Sir Richard de la More and in 1306 by Maurice and Walter de Kemeys. The Manorhouse possibly incorporates part of the earlier castle. The Morgan family resided at Pencoed until the end of the C17. By 1780 the castle has passed into the hands of the Gwyns of Llanhowell. During the C19 the castle was let to farmers. In 1914 Lord Rhondda purchased the castle along with Penhow Castle and proceeded to restore it. After his death in 1918 the work ceased. The castle is currently in a derelict condition. The castle is surrounded by a rectangular moated enclosure with the remains of a C13/C14 curtain wall and one surviving circular tower on the SW corner of the site linking up with the gatehouse.

Exterior

The roofless three storey gatehouse is probably contemporary with the castle. Rectangular in plan with two projecting octagonal turrets on W side, containing continuous staircase to N and latrines (?) to the S. The gatehouse is constructed of large roughly coursed sandstone blocks, while the turrets are mainly of thin sandstone slabs, all with fine ashlar quoins of yellow sandstone. Roofless. The carriageway crosses the moat by a small masonry bridge and enters the courtyard through the tunnel vaulted ground floor of the gatehouse. The doorways at front and rear are round-headed and have moulded stone dressings, probably C16, matching the rectangular windows with hoods and arch-headed lights which seem to have been inserted into the central part of the gatehouse and built into the turrets. On the rear (E) facing the castle is a large, oblong opening with dressed jambs and voussoired arch. The second floor window has lost its head. On the front (W) elevation there is an oblong window to ground floor and a two-light window to second floor with chamfered mullion, sunk spandrels, flat hoodmould under voussoired arch. The turrets both have single-light square windows with flat hoodmoulds and simple label stops. On the ground floor to the left hand side is a lean-to (possibly modern, but on the site of an earlier guardroom).

Reasons for Listing

Listed grade II* as the Tudor gatehouse to Pencoed Castle.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Farmhouse at Pencoed Castle
    Located immediately to N of Pencoed castle which is 1km E of Llanmartin and 1km S of Llandevaud; reached along private drive from by-road off B4245.
  • II Long Barn at Pencoed Castle
    To N of Pencoed Castle and the adjacent farmhouse; closing E side of cobbled farmyard. Pencoed is 1km E of Llanmartin and 1km S of Llandevaud; reached along private drive from by-road off B4245.
  • II* Pencoed Castle
    Located at the end of a narrow lane from by-road off B4245, approx 1km S of Llandevaud village and 1km E of Llanmartin.
  • II Dovecote at Pencoed Castle
    Set in a field to NE of Pencoed Castle and opposite the Long Barn. Pencoed is 1km E of Llanmartin and 1km S of Llandevaud; reached along private drive from by-road off B4245.
  • II Parish Church of St Martin
    Located at the centre of Llanmartin village, set back from the road and bounded by a low rubble wall.
  • II Five bay Barn and attached Byre to far SW of Penhow Castle
    The S range of a group of farm buildings located at the W corner of the driveway leading to Penhow Castle, enclosing a cobbled yard on E side with low rubble wall with cock and hen coping.Castle from
  • II Stable Block to far SW of Penhow Castle
    The middle range of a group of farm buildings located at the W corner of the driveway leading to Penhow Castle, enclosing a cobbled yard on E side with low rubble wall with cock and hen coping.
  • II L-shaped Byre Range to far SW of Penhow Castle
    The middle range of a group of farm buildings located at the W corner of the driveway leading to Penhow Castle, enclosing a cobbled yard.

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