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Attached Canal-side Building to Richards Farm Bridge

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr), Monmouthshire

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Latitude: 51.7979 / 51°47'52"N

Longitude: -3.0246 / 3°1'28"W

OS Eastings: 329436

OS Northings: 211524

OS Grid: SO294115

Mapcode National: GBR F5.XVS2

Mapcode Global: VH79D.J2CK

Plus Code: 9C3RQXXG+54

Entry Name: Attached Canal-side Building to Richards Farm Bridge

Listing Date: 15 March 1996

Last Amended: 15 March 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17642

Building Class: Transport

Location: The bridge spans the canal 0.25km south of bridge No 94 and reached by a lane from B 4269. Tow-path to the east side.

County: Monmouthshire

Community: Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr)

Community: Llanfoist Fawr

Locality: Llanellen

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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History: The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was promoted in 1792 to connect the upper Usk valley to the Monmouthshire Canal at Pontymoile and from there to the sea at Newport. Construction began in 1797, with Thomas Dadford as engineer, and the first section, from Gilwern to Llangynidr was completed in that year with the stretch as far as Brecon following in 1800. Work then stopped for a time with the result that the section to the Blaenavon Road east of Govilon was not completed until 1805, now with Thomas Cartwright as engineer. Further funds had to be raised and the last section from west of Llanfoist to Pontymoile was completed between 1809 and 1812, with William Crosley as engineer. Linked to tramroads, the canal was an important artery for trade in iron, lime and coal. In 1865 the Monmouthshire and the Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal Companies merged becoming the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal Company. Later still the canal was bought out by the Great Western Railway and gradually the canal was run down until it was finally abandoned in 1962. Restoration work was begun in 1964.
Description: Attached at the south-west corner is a contemporary rubble building set at right angles to the canal. It is storeyed on the south side and comprises a stable and store with boarded loft door. It has a corrugated roof and a modern lean-to on the south (Llanellen) side. Straight joints indicate that it was built in two stages and the thickness of the back wall may indicate that this structure was adapted from a former bank of limekilns.
Listed for its special interest as a surviving early C19 Brecknock and Abergavenny canal bridge with attached contemporary canal-side building.

References: Nicholson's guides to the Waterways, vol 3, South-west
p49-55, (n.d.).
R A Stevens, Brecknock & Abergavenny and Monmouthshire Canals (Towpath Guide No 2), (Cambridge, 1974), p55.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Richards Farm Bridge ( Canal Bridge no 93 )
    The bridge spans the canal 0.25km south of bridge No 94 and reached by a lane from B 4269. Tow-path to the east side.
  • II Embanked Aqueduct to south-east of Canal Bridge No 94
    Situated 0.25km south-east of bridge No 94, midway between Llanfoist and Llanellen. Carries the canal around the hillside and over a stream that comes down from the Blorenge towards the Usk.
  • II Castle Lower Bridge (Canal Bridge No 94)
    Spanning the canal 0.25km south-east of Bridge No 95; tow-path to the east.
  • II Castell Prydydd
    On a steeply sloping site below the lane that climbs from B 4269, over the canal, and up the eastern slope of the Blorenge. The original Castell Prydydd is now set within a converted farmyard and the
  • II Heol Gerrig Bridge ( Canal Bridge no 92 )
    Spanning the canal uphill from Llanellen village; carrying the hill lane from the north-west side of the village up towards Coed-y-Prior Common and Ffrwd Wood.
  • II Castle Upper Bridge (Canal Bridge No 95)
    Carrying the lane on a sharp bend uphill from the B4269 and towards Castell Prydydd and Coed-y-Prior. Tow-path to the east.
  • II Parish Church of St Helen
    Situated uphill from the village in a sloping churchyard with bier house to north-east corner.
  • II Llanellen Bridge
    Spanning the River Usk on a bend in the main road, to the east of the village; on the Community Council area boundary.

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