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Barn at Llwyn-y-saint

A Grade II Listed Building in Llangwm, Conwy

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9879 / 52°59'16"N

Longitude: -3.5177 / 3°31'3"W

OS Eastings: 298215

OS Northings: 344478

OS Grid: SH982444

Mapcode National: GBR 6H.HXNR

Mapcode Global: WH66T.Y526

Entry Name: Barn at Llwyn-y-saint

Listing Date: 1 April 1998

Last Amended: 1 April 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 19598

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: The farm stands on high ground on a spur overlooking the valley of the Afon Ceirw. It is reached by a farm track leading up off the minor road parallel to and above the right bank of the river.

County: Conwy

Community: Llangwm

Community: Llangwm

Locality: Ty-nant

Traditional County: Denbighshire

Find accommodation in
Llanfihangel-Glyn-Myfyr

History

The barn is sub-medieval in date, and probably earlier than the present house and farm buildings.

Exterior

Stone rubble on boulder footings, set downhill to the NW of the farmhouse. Slate roof. The building is divided into two compartments, and comprises 4 bays, defined by sharply elbowed cruck trusses, and is continued uphill by an animal house, probably a later addition. A narrow but tall doorway with wooden frame and timber lintel opens to the 3rd bay from the downhill end, with a small ventilation door opposite. One small slit vent and a further door to the uphill stable.

Interior

The lowest cruck truss is sharply angled, with a low set tie beam, the feet of the blades raised in the wall stonework. The centre truss is similar, with a lapped and pegged high set collar, the apex of the blades butting vertically, and are trenched for 2 tiers of purlins. These were replaced higher up when the side walls were raised and an additional timber laid on the back of the crucks. The feet of the blades stand on corbelled stones set above the floor, and at the level of the low dividing wall with a timber sill. The upper couple is similar, also seated on corbelled stones at 1.4m above the floor. The total span of the trusses is 4.62m. The roof slates are torched. The stable at the upper end has stalling for 4 beasts, and has a loft over. Two open fronted stores are attached at the lower end. The upper bay of the barn has a transverse shaft and two wooden pulley wheels for belt drives, and is powered by an external iron wheel by Edwards of Llanuwchllyn. The shaft was driven by a system of belts and pulleys extending some 200-250m across the fields from an iron overshot waterwheel set in the bed of the Nant Owen. Power was also taken down to the house.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an important and well preserved sub-medieval cruck barn, also of interest for the extended C19 water-powered drive. Of group value with Llwyn-y-saint farmhouse.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Llwyn-y-saint
    The farm stands on high ground on a spur overlooking the valley of the Afon Ceirw. It is reached by a farm track leading up off the minor road parallel to and above the right bank of the river. The f
  • II Pen-yfed Farmhouse
    Pen-yfed farm lies on low ground close to a bend of the Afon Ceirw, approximately 1500m W of Dinmael. It is reached by a short farm track from the road on the W side of the valley.
  • II Cartshed/Granary at Pen-yfed
    Pen-yfed farm lies on low ground close to a bend of he Afon Ceirw, approximately 1500m W of Dinmael, and is reached by a short track from the road on the W side of the valley. The Carthouse stands op
  • II Pont Glyn-diffwys
    The bridge is located W of Dinmael, and carries the road from the junction with the Holyhead Road over the Afon Ceirw, to Cwm Main and beyond.
  • II Llwyn-dedwydd
    A major farm of the area, located on the east facing slope of Pen-y-cerrig serth, looking down on the valley of Afon Ceirw. It is reached from the W valley road, SW of Glyn-dyffwys and W of Dinmael.
  • II Terraced Section of the Holyhead Road, with parapet and retaining wall
    The section of the Holyhead Road, now cut off, is near the hamlet of Dinmael, W of Pen-y-bont farm with Pont Glyn Diffwys at the N end.
  • II Pont Ty-gwyn
    The bridge carries the S loop of the road to Llangwm from the A5 across the Afon Ceirw, near Ystrad-bach. The bridge is within 100m of the Holyhead Road
  • II Milestone at Glyn-diffwys
    The milestone is set 1100m W of Dinmael, at the E end of the cutting, in a new position approximately 40m E of the original location on the NW side of the old Holyhead Road.

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