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The Factory/Y Ffatri

A Grade II Listed Building in Buan, Gwynedd

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Latitude: 52.864 / 52°51'50"N

Longitude: -4.5448 / 4°32'41"W

OS Eastings: 228791

OS Northings: 332651

OS Grid: SH287326

Mapcode National: GBR 55.RLGG

Mapcode Global: WH44N.583P

Entry Name: The Factory/Y Ffatri

Listing Date: 15 July 1998

Last Amended: 15 July 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 20132

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Situated on the W side of the B4415 road in Nanhoron valley, some 150m S of Pont Llidiard-y-dwr (Inkerman Bridge).

County: Gwynedd

Town: Pwllheli

Community: Buan

Community: Buan

Locality: Nanhoron

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Mid to later C19 house and former woollen mill, part of the Nanhoron estate. There is said to have been a corn mill on the site prior to the construction of Felin Newydd (dated 1822, rebuilt later C19), some 700m down stream. Date of 1864 on first-floor roof timbers and 1870 on wheel. Tithe returns for Llanfihangel Bachellaeth in 1841 refer to a house and factory owned by Richard Lloyd Edwards Esq, and occupied by Margaret Hughes. Mill produced wool goods such as flannel blankets. House is said to have contained a shop and knitting work-shop. Mill ceased working in the 1930s.


Two-storey L-plan range of buildings with house facing S, and rear E wing parallel to road, the former mill. Uncoursed rock-faced squared granite stone to house, rougher masonry to mill which is built against the bank on the E side. Stone lintels throughout. Slate roofs, gabled to W end of house, with smaller slates to mill and hipped at SE angle. House has overhanging eaves to W gable, and 2 stone end-wall chimneys. The house is double-fronted to S with boarded door central between 16-pane hornless sash windows on each floor. Single window range beyond the right-hand stack (but apparently part of the original build) has outshut to ground floor with slate roof and boarded W door. Four-pane sash window over. Rear N wall has 3 x 16-pane sashes at first floor and one each side of centre below.

Mill range faces E with ground floor stabling, 4 single doors, one each end, 2 left of centre and broad double boarded doors right of centre. Single doors have boarded overlights. First floor has 3 x 2-light casements. S end, to right of house, has disused large water-wheel, 4.6m diameter, with iron rim and wooden spokes, the rim marked 'Durie and Davis, Aberystwith 1870'. Wheel is over-shot, with head-stocks and 22.86cm cast-iron water pipe from under road. N end wall has large factory type upper window of 2 x 24-pane lights. Small shuttered window under. E rear wall has corrugated-iron roof to added infill.


Mill roof has seven collar-trusses of sawn pine to first floor. Presently in domestic use.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an exceptionally complete surviving example of a small water-powered woollen factory.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Direction Sign at Inkerman Bridge
    Situated on the S bridge parapet of Pont Llidiard-y-dwr (Inkerman Bridge), on B4415 at junction with lane to Llaniestyn.
  • II Milestone
    Situated on the W side of the B4415 road 100m N of Pont Llidiard-y-dwr (Inkerman Bridge).
  • II Milestone
    Situated on E side of B4415 some 850m N of junction with B4413 at Rhydgaled and some 600m S of Inkerman Bridge.
  • II Barn and Stable Range W of Saethon
    Situated some 150m W of Saethon.
  • II* Saethon Old Farmhouse
    Situated some 600m down drive running NW from point some 1.4km NE of Capel Nant on road to Rhydyclafdy.
  • II Outbuilding to E of Saethon
    Situated immediately in front of E front of Saethon Old Farmhouse.
  • II Outbuilding to N of Saethon
    Situated facing S over track immediately opposite Saethon Old Farmhouse and the outbuilding to E.
  • II Mill at Felin Newydd
    Situated E of mill-house by Afon Horon, just W of B4415, some 100m N of junction with B4413.

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