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Latitude: 52.9008 / 52°54'2"N
Longitude: -4.34 / 4°20'24"W
OS Eastings: 242704
OS Northings: 336265
OS Grid: SH427362
Mapcode National: GBR 5F.P875
Mapcode Global: WH44K.9CK2
Entry Name: S Range of Farm Buildings at Penychain
Listing Date: 8 February 1999
Last Amended: 8 February 1999
Source ID: 21338
Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence
Location: Penychain farm is on the headland, c4km E of Pwllheli, at the W side of the holiday camp. Access is by a farm road from the main road.
Locality: Morfa Abererch
Traditional County: Caernarfonshire
Penychain was built by the Glyn-llifon Estate in the mid C19 as a model farm. The farm buildings demonstrate an efficient and organised approach to farming undertaken by large estates of the mid Victorian period.
The farm yard at Pen-ychain is a long rectangle extending to the W of the farmhouse, and is enclosed on all four sides, with a main entrance on the S side, and a driftway entrance on the W. The southern range of farm buildings extends back from the small rear yard of the farmhouse to the S yard entrance. It is built of stone, with slate roofs. In consists of two main sections, a 3-bay barn nearest the house with doors to the yard, and single slit window each side, and to the W, two sections containing a calf-house and associated functions, with stable doors and vented windows to the yard, and a small door to the rear (S). A small structure with an unequally pitched roof is attached at the E end facing the passageway. The plain S elevation has one door and tall ventilation slits in the W block.
The building has king-post trusses with raking struts, two loose-boxes probably for calves, with a further section perhaps for weaning, and arrangements for cow stalling.
Included as an important element within the farmyard of the designed and well preserved estate farm group at Penychain.
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