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N Farm Range at Penychain

A Grade II Listed Building in Llannor, Gwynedd

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Latitude: 52.901 / 52°54'3"N

Longitude: -4.3401 / 4°20'24"W

OS Eastings: 242699

OS Northings: 336295

OS Grid: SH426362

Mapcode National: GBR 5F.P85Z

Mapcode Global: WH44K.9BJV

Entry Name: N Farm Range at Penychain

Listing Date: 8 February 1999

Last Amended: 8 February 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21339

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: Pen-ychain farm is situated on the headland c4km E of Pwllheli. This range, on a hilltop, forms the long N side of the farmyard.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Pwllheli

Community: Llannor

Community: Llannor

Locality: Morfa Abererch

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Penychain was built by the Glyn-llifon Estate in the mid C19 as a model farm. The farm buildings demonstrate an efficient and organised approach to farming undertaken by large estates of the mid Victorian period.


The range is built of local stone rubble, with a slate roof. The larger western part consists of cow housing, with 3 stable doors, and intervening ventilation windows. The E end consists of 3 hammels, each with a wide depressed 3-centred brick arch, the first two from the W having a stone walled front yard within the farmyard, and the third a similar narrower yard. It is separated at the E end from the piggeries by a narrow service walk. The impressively long N elevation has but one small door and access steps, and 2 ventilation slits towards the W end.


The interior contains carefully designed double beast stalling against both E and W walls, with seats flanking the entrance. King post trusses, some with raking struts.

Reasons for Listing

Included as the major element within the farmyard of the well preserved estate farm group at Penychain, forming the N side of the group continuous with the garden wall of the house.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Piggery at Penychain
    The farm is on the headland, c4km E of Pwllheli. The piggery closes the farmyard at the NE corner, and is separated from the hammel by a narrow service passage.
  • II S Range of Farm Buildings at Penychain
    Penychain farm is on the headland, c4km E of Pwllheli, at the W side of the holiday camp. Access is by a farm road from the main road.
  • II Stables with Granary, Cartshed and Farmyard Entrance Piers at Penychain
    Pen-ychain farm stands on the headland, c4km E of Pwllheli. This building forms the SW corner of the farmyard.
  • II Farm Outbuilding at Penychain
    Penychain farm is on the headland some c4km E of Pwllheli, and is reached by a farm road off the main road.
  • II Penychain Farmhouse
    The farm is on Pen-ychain headland, c4 km E of Pwllheli and close to the W side of the holiday camp, and is reached by a farm road from the A497.
  • II Ysgubor Degwm
    Situated approximately 0.5km E of Penarth Fawr and midway between B4354 and A497. A field barn reached along a farm lane.
  • I Penarth-fawr
    The house stands on a minor road running N from the A497, W of Pwllheli towards Llanarmon.
  • II House at Penarth-fawr
    Penarth-fawr stands by the minor road running N from the A493 E of Pwllheli to Llanarmon.

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