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Tramroad Bridge near junction of A465 and Station Road

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanelly, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.817 / 51°49'1"N

Longitude: -3.1143 / 3°6'51"W

OS Eastings: 323288

OS Northings: 213738

OS Grid: SO232137

Mapcode National: GBR F1.WQ55

Mapcode Global: VH6CP.YLZG

Entry Name: Tramroad Bridge near junction of A465 and Station Road

Listing Date: 27 July 2000

Last Amended: 27 July 2000

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 23818

Building Class: Transport

Location: Bridge located within fork between Station Road and A465 Heads of the Valleys Road. Bridge now disused, due to road improvements. Approximately 2 km NE of Clydach.

County: Monmouthshire

Community: Llanelly (Llanelli)

Community: Llanelly

Locality: Clydach

Traditional County: Brecknockshire

Find accommodation in
Gilwern

History

Built 1809-11 to carry the Llam-march tramroad, begun in 1794 by John Dadford, engineer. This section of tramroad was built to link the Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal at Gilwern to the collieries and iron-ore quarries at Llam-march, via the Clydach Ironworks, which was set up c. 1793 by Edward and John Kendall, who sub-let the works to Edward Frere and Thomas Cooke. The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal Company resolved to allow Frere, Cooke and Edward Kendall to build a railroad on 28th May 1794 from Llam-march to the ironworks, the iron company paying a rental of 8% a year of the cost of construction and to be responsible for all repairs. By June 1795, the railroad was largely complete. In 1800, the Brecon and Abergavenny Canal was completed from Brecon to Gilwern, and by 1812, the canal was extended to link with the Monmouthshire Canal at Pontymoile, which enabled direct links with Newport and the Bristol Channel . With the expansion of the canal system, the Clydach Iron Company successfully applied in 1809 to extend the Llam-march tramroad to the canal at Gilwern, where they built a wharf and warehouse; this section of tramroad was completed in 1811. In 1960-62, the Abergavenny -Brynmawr section of the Heads of the Valleys Road was built (engineers Rendall, Palmer and Tritton), involving the provision of a new bridge over the Clydach and a new junction to Station Road, rendering the old tramroad bridge redundant

Exterior

Rubble construction. Single segmental arch of impressive span with ashlar voussoirs. Parapets removed and replaced with C20 fence.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an impressively designed and well-preserved early C19 tramroad bridge, a prominent surviving structure of important industrial landscape of the Clydach Gorge.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Clydach House
    Situated on sharp bend of by-road between Maesygwartha and the A465, opposite the garage at Saleyard. Approximately 1.5 km SW of Maesygwartha.
  • II Railroad Bridge at Maesygwartha
    Bridge located on sharp bend of by-road between Maesygwartha Chapel and A465 Heads of the Valleys Road. Approximately 2.5 km SW of Maes-y-gwartha.
  • II ,6,Forge Row,Maesygwartha,,,
    Situated on S side of no-through road between Saleyard and the A465. Approximately 1.5 km SW of Maesygwartha. No. 6 forms one of a pair with No. 7.
  • II Bethlehem Baptist Chapel including Vestry and Front Boundary Walls
    Maesygwartha is a scattered settlement, located some 1km S of Llanelly Church. Chapel stands on N side of by-road leading to Gilwern, within small sloping cemetery.
  • II ,7,Forge Row,Maesygwartha,,,
    Situated on S side of no-through road between Saleyard and the A465. Approximately 1.5 km SW of Maesygwartha. No. 7 forms one of a pair with No. 6.
  • II Tramroad Bridge near Forge House
    Bridges carries no-through road from Saleyard to A465 over Clydach river. Situated immediately SE of Forge House. Approximately 1 km SW of Maesygwartha.
  • II Pantglas Bridge
    Bridge is located over River Clydach carrying no-through road to remains of Clydach Ironworks, and Ynys-y-garth.
  • II* Smart’s Bridge
    Bridge is located over River Clydach forming entry to remains of Clydach Ironworks, reached off S side of road leading to Ynys-y-garth.

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