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Cowhouse Range at East House Farm

A Grade II Listed Building in Laugharne Township (Treflan Lacharn), Carmarthenshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7423 / 51°44'32"N

Longitude: -4.4553 / 4°27'18"W

OS Eastings: 230581

OS Northings: 207695

OS Grid: SN305076

Mapcode National: GBR GL.FGT7

Mapcode Global: VH3LZ.QGJQ

Entry Name: Cowhouse Range at East House Farm

Listing Date: 13 June 2003

Last Amended: 13 June 2003

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 81183

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: The farm lies on the southern edge of the reclaimed land of East Marsh, close to the dunes of Laugharne Burrows, due S of Laugharne. The barn range forms the western side of the courtyard.

County: Carmarthenshire

Community: Laugharne Township (Treflan Lacharn)

Community: Laugharne Township

Locality: Laugharne

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

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Laugharne

History

The farmhouse is dated 1810, with an inscription that records ''''This house and offices were erected by G. P. Watkins esq.''''. The context for the construction of the farm appears to be the reclamation and enclosure of the marsh, and its colonisation by a series of new farmsteads in the early years of the C19 (the nearby Hurst House is date 1798, its model farm is of 1828). The farm-buildings represent a tightly planned group laid out as a model farm, and although the ranges appear to have been constructed at slightly different times, the distinctive courtyard layout is clearly shown in the Tithe Map of 1842.

Exterior

The farm buildings are ranged round 3 sides of a courtyard, with the house placed centrally in the N range. Opposite it is the single storeyed range of cow-houses, built in 2 phases (the earliest section to the east has pegged truss roof), with a storeyed building at the eastern end of the range (also of earlier type). Lime-washed rubble with some brick dressings, and slate roof. The original arrangement comprised a series of doorways were subsequently partially blocked as windows but the original arrangement remains clearly legible. Adjoining to the L (E) is a 2-storeyed building (orignal use unclear) with central doorway and loft opening above, and small flanking windows to ground-floor.

Interior

Cow house range is divided into 3 sections inside by cross walls, but with a continuous feeding passage running along the rear of the building. Stalls all renewed in concrete. Generally pegged collar and tie-beam trusses, but bolted trusses in west section, suggesting it was a slightly later build. Similar pegged trusses in storeyed building.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an integral part of a farm group which is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a model farmstead with a precise historical context in ambitious agricultural improvement at the beginning of the C19. It clearly demonstrates a mixed agricultural economy in a series of purpose-designed buildings unified by coherent planning in an enclosed yard, and by strong regional character in design and construction. The cow-house range is typical of improvement-period design and layout.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II East farm-range at East House Farm
    The farm lies on the southern edge of the reclaimed land of East Marsh, close to the dunes of Laugharne Burrows, due S of Laugharne. The barn range forms the western side of the courtyard.
  • II Barn Range at East House Farm
    The farm lies on the southern edge of the reclaimed land of East Marsh, close to the dunes of Laugharne Burrows, due S of Laugharne. The barn range forms the western side of the courtyard.
  • II Farm Square at Hurst House
    To S of and adjoining Hurst House in the marshes to S of Laugharne.
  • II Hurst House
    Situated in the marshes to S of Laugharne near the MOD area. Set back from road in enclosed small garden to N of the former farmyard.

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