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17A and 19 Baillie Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Milkstone and Deeplish, Rochdale

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.618 / 53°37'4"N

Longitude: -2.1565 / 2°9'23"W

OS Eastings: 389747

OS Northings: 413502

OS Grid: SD897135

Mapcode National: GBR FVCL.XS

Mapcode Global: WHB8X.VB97

Entry Name: 17A and 19 Baillie Street

Listing Date: 12 February 1985

Last Amended: 24 January 2014

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1084263

English Heritage Legacy ID: 358855

Location: Rochdale, OL16

County: Rochdale

Electoral Ward/Division: Milkstone and Deeplish

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Rochdale

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater Manchester

Church of England Parish: Rochdale St Chad, St Mary and St Edmund

Church of England Diocese: Manchester

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Rochdale

Summary

Warehouse (No.17a) and office and showroom (No.19). Later C19. Warehouse: orange brick with sandstone dressings and Welsh slate roof, No.19: sandstone and orange brick with sandstone dressings, Welsh slate roof.

Description

PLAN: No.17a: rectangular with narrow three-bay frontage on Baillie Street. Three storeys raised over a partial basement with a full-height loading bay in the centre of the five-bay side elevation. Wide loading bay to right-hand side of rear elevation opening into tall ground-floor bay with two upper storeys over. Principal staircase in south-east corner adjacent to central front entrance doorway. Inserted rear staircase in north-west corner.
No.19: rectangular with modern rear extension and three-bay frontage on Baillie Street. Two storeys over basement with left-hand entrance doorway leading into lobby with stair position beyond.

EXTERIOR: No.17a: the front elevation is of three bays and three storeys raised over a basement and is built of orange brick in English garden wall bond (3:1). Two giant pilasters to either side of the raised ground floor with stone modillion cornices and semi-circular finials support a first-floor stone sill band. In the central bay is a large, segmental-arched head doorway with a stone doorcase with rusticated pilasters, giant keystone, and entablature with a modillion cornice and semi-circular finials over the pilasters. The wooden door and overlight are modern replacements. On each side of the doorway is a large, ground-floor segmental-arched window with a stone keystone and sill and rebated surround. Beneath are barred basement windows with stone segmental-arched heads incorporating keystones. The first and second floors both have three equally-spaced segmental-arched windows with stone keystones and sill bands. All the windows have modern replacement window frames; historic photographs show the ground-floor windows as four-pane sashes and the upper windows with twelve panes with hopper or pivot vents. There is a low brick parapet with an eaves cornice of two rows of cream brick. The west side elevation, facing onto the service road, is of five bays. The central bay contains a full-height loading bay, the original openings now partially altered, but still legible. The lifting gear which would have been adjacent to the loading bays is no longer present. The windows have segmental-arched brick heads and stone sills with modern replacement frames. The barred basement windows also have brick segmental-arched heads. The left-hand ground-floor window and basement window are blind. The rear elevation is of three bays and three storeys with a wide loading bay on the right-hand side with stone jambs and pintel stones. Adjacent is a blocked doorway with a segmental-arched window on the left-hand side. Above are three half-height segmental-arched windows. All these windows are boarded. The two upper floors each have three segmental-arched windows with stone sills and modern replacement window frames.

No.19: the front elevation is of three bays and two storeys over a basement, which is only apparent by a rectangular grilled area set in the pavement to the right-hand side of the elevation. The ground floor is faced in ashlar stone and the first floor is built of orange brick with stone dressings. The bays on the ground floor are defined by giant pilasters of chamfered stone which support an entablature with modillion cornice at first-floor level. In the left-hand bay is a doorway with two windows to the right, all with segmental-arched heads and giant keystones. Beneath the windows are panelled aprons. The present single door has been adapted from the pair of panelled, part-glazed doors shown on historic photographs, and the overlight blocked. The window frames are modern replacements; historic photographs show that all the windows were sashes. The first floor has a brick parapet with a small, central, triangular pediment. The bays are defined by brick pilasters with stone bases which rise to support a stone modillion eaves band and stone parapet coping with semi-circular finials over the pilasters. The central window is round-headed with a segmental-arched head window to each side, all with moulded stone surrounds and giant keystones. The window frames are all modern replacements.

INTERIOR: No.17a: no original partitioning for offices or a reception area remain on the raised ground floor and the original open-plan upper floors for the storage of goods are presently sub-divided by modern partition walls. Adjacent to the main entrance doorway is the principal staircase with turned timber newels, moulded handrails, and decorative cast-iron balusters, some presently boarded in. The rear service bay retains a stone flag floor. The rear staircase is a modern insertion.

No.19: there are no original fixtures or fittings of interest remaining. The cross walls between front and rear rooms have been removed on both floors.

EXCLUSIONS
Pursuant to s.1 (5A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 ('the Act') it is declared that the C20 and C21 internal partition walls and bar fixtures and fittings in No.17a (the warehouse), and the C20 and C21 internal fixtures and fittings in No.19 are not of special architectural or historic interest.

The modern two-storey extension to the rear of No.19 Baillie Street is not considered of special interest. It is excluded from the listing.

History

Baillie Street was laid out as part of a speculative development in the 1830s on the edge of the medieval town in an area previously occupied by gardens, alleyways and a bowling green. No.17a, a warehouse, and No.19, a showroom or office, are first shown with the service road to their rear on the 1:2500 Ordnance Survey map of 1890, replacing two earlier buildings on the site.

The numbering of buildings on Baillie Street has altered over the years and so there is a degree of uncertainty as to which occupants were in which buildings. In 1885 Worrall's Directory lists a J S & J Greenhalgh at No.19b Baillie Street, described as a warehouse. The Greenhalghs were flannel manufacturers with a mill called Roach Mill on Shade Walk. The 1894-5 Duncan Directory lists the Inland Revenue at No.19 Baillie Street and Greenhalghs at No.19a. By 1916 the present numbering system had been adopted and Clegg's Directory lists HM Customs and Excise at No.19 and Greenhalghs and another company, Garside & Co, in No.17a. This suggests that although Greenhalghs may have originally have occupied both the warehouse and adjoining showroom or office building, this did not continue for long and while the company retained the warehouse, the Inland Revenue then occupied the adjoining building as a tax office.

The warehouse at 17a Baillie Street continued in this use during much of the C20. It was listed at Grade II in 1985. Subsequently in the 1980s it was converted to a public house, though is no longer in use as such. No.19 remains in use as a commercial premises.

Reasons for Listing

No.17a & No.19 Baillie Street, Rochdale, of late-C19 date, are listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: the warehouse (No.17a) is an increasingly rare example of a textile warehouse in an important central location in Rochdale, which is complemented by the contemporary attached showroom (No.19) for the selling of the stored goods to wholesale customers;
* Architectural interest: the two buildings are designed as a set-piece sharing common architectural details, though the brick warehouse is plainer and more functional while No.19 has a greater elaboration to its main fa├žade, which incorporates an ashlar-stone ground floor and decorative, pedimented parapet, as was typical of a showroom designed to catch the eye and entice customers.

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