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Latitude: 54.9172 / 54°55'1"N
Longitude: -1.3928 / 1°23'34"W
OS Eastings: 439020
OS Northings: 558222
OS Grid: NZ390582
Mapcode National: GBR VB1.W0
Mapcode Global: WHD55.KNZS
Entry Name: Lime Kilns on North Bank of River Wear at Nz 3895 5826
Listing Date: 17 October 1994
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1292063
English Heritage Legacy ID: 391619
Location: Sunderland, SR5
Electoral Ward/Division: Southwick
Built-Up Area: Sunderland
Traditional County: Durham
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Tyne and Wear
Church of England Parish: North Wearside
Church of England Diocese: Durham
NZ3858 THIRLWELL ROAD, Southwick
920-1/8/294 (South side (off))
Lime kilns on north bank of River
Wear at NZ 3895 5826
Lime kilns. Late C18, early C19 and mid C19. Sandstone and
limestone rubble; coursed stone; and brick with iron ties. A
long series of kilns set against the river bank between a
mineral railway and the river, mostly in the grounds of
Wearmouth Colliery, with access to the tops from the railway
and access from the bottom to river transport.
Maximum height perhaps 12 metres. Round-plan C18 kilns at left
with some C20 patching at base have lost part of front walls;
central stone kilns of squared plan have row of small arches
at foot of tall wall; second similar set to right, and a third
row of stone kilns at extreme right has a row of blocked
arches in a projection at base of wall; between these last two
stone groups is the last brick structure with iron bands and 4
arches, most blocked with stone and one blocked with brick.
A significant survivor of the once flourishing lime-exporting
business on the Wear, the major exporter of lime from the NE
because of the unique conjunction of lime quarries and river
transport. These kilns were supplied by waggonway with stone
from Carley Hill quarry, and an etching by E Swinburne
published in 1839 shows them in use (Sinclair 1986).
(Sinclair NT: Railways of Sunderland: Newcastle upon Tyne:
1986-: 6 AND 7).
Listing NGR: NZ3902058221
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