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Lower Wenallt

A Grade II Listed Building in Brecon, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0426 / 52°2'33"N

Longitude: -3.1387 / 3°8'19"W

OS Eastings: 321994

OS Northings: 238857

OS Grid: SO219388

Mapcode National: GBR F0.FJ2P

Mapcode Global: VH6BJ.KX1J

Plus Code: 9C4R2VV6+2G

Entry Name: Lower Wenallt

Listing Date: 5 January 1976

Last Amended: 20 June 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 7463

Building Class: Domestic

Location: The house is situated below the Wenallt, on steeply rising ground, behind its own farm buildings.

County: Powys

Community: Llanigon

Community: Llanigon

Locality: Wenallt

Traditional County: Brecknockshire

Find accommodation in
Llanigon

History

The house (also called Wenallt Isaf) is late mediaeval, of which an open hall of two very unequal bays remains, together with the 'upper' end beyond it. The house is aligned up the slope so it (or its predecessor) was probably a long-house. The 'lower' end was entirely rebuilt allegedly in 1827. The house is cruck-built and dendro-chronology tests gave dates of c.1485 for the original build and 1613 for the inserted hall ceiling. 3 pairs of crucks remain and the house was originally timber-framed.

The chimney was inserted into the open hall in the 16th century. Professor Maurice Barley rented the house for about 12 years c.1970-80 and was responsible for much restoration work, recreating the remaining bay of the open hall by removing the ceiling of 1613 and reinstating removed features at the 'upper' end.

Exterior

Lower (E) build partly 1 storey & partly 1 with attics, & 2-storeyed, stone, Welsh slate rear, concrete tiles front. Chimneys built/rebuilt 1827. E build, timber-lintelled windows, at least 2 original to open hall stonework, plate glass; upper window on S, inserted? under reused timber, modern shutters; E end, gable light under stone label. W build, door & windows 1827 segmental arches, 2 & 3-light wooden casements, also pvc, oak-plank door in modern porch; modern windows ground-floor rear.

Interior

2-storey build much modernised both floors; staircase 1827, columnar newel; plank doors 1827; black slate chimneypiece. Hall, up 2 steps, C16 heavy oak doorframe, C18 oak plank door; roof, 2 bays, smoke-blackened, heavy purlins mostly original, originally central truss with pair of chamfered crucks & high arch-braced collar; fireplace, monolithic jambs, deep stone lintel, chamfered; pot-crane complete; stubs of 1613 floor remain; window-seats. E end, partition restored but incorporating tiebeam, collar & intermediate post, modern oak door; floor was earth, now stone, internal ladder stair on old site. E upper room, pair collared crucks in end wall.

Reasons for Listing

The house is of great interest for its cruck-built open hall, now restored by Maurice Barley, and with reliable dating.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Plas Celyn
    Plas Celyn is situated in a farmyard 800 metres S of Llanigon.
  • II Barn at Pen-y-Lan
    The barn stands below the farmhouse and is one of several traditional buildings accompanying this listed house.
  • II Pen-y-Lan Farmhouse
    The house stands among its own farm buildings 1700 metres SE of Llanigon.
  • II Barn at Llwynmaddy
    Prominently sited immediately opposite the farmhouse closing the farmyard.
  • II Llwynmaddy Farmhouse
    Situated to the south of Llanigon, the house stands opposite a small group of traditional stone farm buildings, set back from the lane and sideways onto it.
  • II Stables at Penyrwrlodd
    The stable-range is situated opposite the house across the lane. It is attached to another farm building.
  • II* Penyrwrlodd Farmhouse
    The house stands adjacent to a lane, 600 metres ESE of Llanigon Church.
  • II Wenallt-Uchaf
    The house stands high on the Wenallt at the top of a long track, partly private, overlooking a valley.

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