History in Structure

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The Watch Tower

A Grade II Listed Building in Penally, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6674 / 51°40'2"N

Longitude: -4.7164 / 4°42'58"W

OS Eastings: 212246

OS Northings: 200004

OS Grid: SN122000

Mapcode National: GBR GD.RZX8

Mapcode Global: VH2PS.6CH4

Entry Name: The Watch Tower

Listing Date: 26 April 1996

Last Amended: 26 April 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16916

Building Class: Maritime

Location: On the summit of the Black Rock promontory overlooking the Ritec. The view from the tower is now obscured by trees.

County: Pembrokeshire

Community: Penally (Penalun)

Community: Penally

Locality: Four Winds Lane

Built-Up Area: Penally

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Tenby

History

Fenton (1810) refers to the many theories about the purpose of this old tower. Comparison with the very similar Irish round towers is ruled out as the latter were never built, as this evidently was, in isolation. It is more likely that the purpose of this tower relates to the fact that it was built at a time long before the Ritec ceased to be a large open navigable estuary; it may have been a lookout tower or intended to assist shipping as a landmark or a signalling tower. It may also be significant that there was a mediaeval watch tower on Caldey, at a distance of 3.5 km, with a line of view to the Penally tower. In the late C19 Edward Laws restored the Penally tower, to an unknown extent, using old stone taken from ruins in Tenby.

Exterior

A small tower, slightly tapering in shape. It is 3.5 m diameter at its base and survives to a height of about 6 m. Rubble masonry. Fenton describes the foundation as a 'factitious cake of lime and sand'. The tower is of two storeys, with an entrance at the NW side with a re-used pointed arch. A slit window faces the sea.

Ancient Monument no. Pe 439

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an old landmark, lookout or signalling tower for shipping before the reclamation of the Ritec estuary.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II East Set of Kilns
    At the S side of the main private road entering the Kiln Park caravan site, on the E side of the A4139. These kilns lie 250 m further E than the main set. They are related to the extensive Black Rock
  • II* West Set of Kilns
    At the S side of the main private road entering the Kiln Park caravan site, on the E side of the A4139. They are related to the extensive Black Rock quarries at their rear.
  • II Single Kiln
    At the entrance to Kiln Park caravan site, at the N side close to the filling station, on the E side of the A4139. The kiln is related to the extensive Black Rock quarries at its rear.
  • II Milestone outside Springfield
    Situated on the N side of Marsh Road against the garden wall of Springfield some 30m E of Churchill Close.
  • II No 1 Marsh Road Cottages (Casa Vecchia)
    First of a terrace of cottages on the N side of Marsh Road facing S across The Marshes and the caravan park.
  • II No 2 Marsh Road Cottages (Sunpatch)
    Second of a terrace of cottages on the N side of Marsh Road facing S across The Marshes and the caravan park.
  • II No 3 Marsh Road Cottages (Watermans Cottage)
    Third of a terrace of cottages on the N side of Marsh Road facing S across The Marshes and the caravan park.
  • II No 4 Marsh Road Cottages
    Fourth of a terrace of cottages on the N side of Marsh Road facing S across The Marshes and the caravan park.

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