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Canal Wharf at Boathouse Cottage

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr), Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8109 / 51°48'39"N

Longitude: -3.0389 / 3°2'20"W

OS Eastings: 328472

OS Northings: 212987

OS Grid: SO284129

Mapcode National: GBR F4.X4TS

Mapcode Global: VH796.8RS3

Entry Name: Canal Wharf at Boathouse Cottage

Listing Date: 24 February 1971

Last Amended: 15 March 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17236

Building Class: Transport

Location: At Llanfoist Wharf which is situated uphill to the south-west of Llanfoist Parish Church. The wharf is on the west side of the canal and Boathouse Cottage is built over the tunnel; the house is reach

County: Monmouthshire

Community: Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr)

Community: Llanfoist Fawr

Locality: Llanfoist

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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History

Llanfoist Wharf was where the tramroad from Garnddyrys Forge, built by Thomas Hill of Blaenavon in 1825, reached the canal. The canal as a whole was linked to many tramroads and was important for trade in iron, lime and coal. Llanfoist Wharf lies within the section completed in 1812 under William Crosley but it, together with this building, were constructed to serve the tramroad and therefore date from 1825 or after. Boathouse Cottage was built as a wharfinger's dwelling; it is sited end on to the incline. The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal (now known as the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal) was constructed between 1797 and 1812. Gradually the railway took traffic off the canal and eventually it was bought out by the Great Western Railway. Restoration work began in 1964.

Exterior

The 3-storey stone house is at right angles to the canal and is built over the upper end of the tunnel. Slate roof, raised c1900. Rendered 2-window front with modern windows except to the ground floor which retains camber-headed sashes; offset entrance between. Gable-end brick chimneys and cross wing to rear; further modern alterations. Small windows in gable ends are said to be for the occupant to see up and down the two tramroad inclines although it is not clear why a wharfinger would need to do this. Either side of the tramroad bridge that is now the access to this house were rail-served wharves of which surviving evidence remains, although now partly converted into a garden.

Reasons for Listing

Included notwithstanding modern alterations as an integral part of the important early C19 group at Llanfoist Wharf and as an unusual example of a house built over a tunnel.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Boathouse Cottage
    At Llanfoist Wharf which is situated uphill to the south-west of Llanfoist Parish Church. The wharf is on the west side of the canal and Boathouse Cottage is built over the tunnel; the house is reach
  • II Tunnel under Canal
    At Llanfoist Wharf which is situated uphill to the south-west of Llanfoist Parish Church. Also passes under Boathouse Cottage.
  • II Bridge over Canal at Llanfoist Wharf
    Spanning the canal at Llanfoist Wharf and now serving as the access to Boathouse Cottage. Also known as Tod's Bridge.
  • II Flight of steps to E of tunnel under canal
    At Llanfoist Wharf which is situated uphill to the south-west of Llanfoist Parish Church. Also passes under Boathouse Cottage.
  • II Llanfoist Wharf Boathouse, Beacon Park Boats
    At Llanfoist Wharf which is situated uphill to the south-west of Llanfoist Parish Church. The wharf is on the west side of the canal and the Boathouse is set to the north of the former tramway.
  • II Memorial to Crawshay Bailey to SW of Parish Church of St Faith
    Situated at the upper, southern, end of the churchyard.
  • II South Lodge
    Above the road and set in its own grounds, immediately to the west of Church Lane and the Parish Church of St Faith.
  • II Parish Church of St Faith
    On the western edge of the village and set in the slope of the circular churchyard with a lime avenue. The churchyard entrance is at the junction of Llanellen Road and the B4246 Merthyr Road.

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