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Capel Adfa with forecourt railings

A Grade II Listed Building in Dwyriw, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5995 / 52°35'58"N

Longitude: -3.3889 / 3°23'20"W

OS Eastings: 306023

OS Northings: 301098

OS Grid: SJ060010

Mapcode National: GBR 9P.989G

Mapcode Global: WH79R.XXDJ

Entry Name: Capel Adfa with forecourt railings

Listing Date: 4 February 1997

Last Amended: 4 February 1997

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 18194

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: The chapel is prominently sited in the centre of Adfa village.

County: Powys

Community: Dwyriw

Community: Dwyriw

Locality: Adfa, Llanwyddelan

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire

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Llanllugan

History

Capel Adfa, the earliest Calvinistic Methodist chapel in the area, is said to have been built c 1790 for the society of Llanllugan and Llanwyddelan. Of primary influence was Lewis Evan (1719-1792), a well known preacher and exhorter of Calvinistic Methodism, who lived in Llanllugan. The chapel is said to have been rebuilt or extended c 1820 and a gallery added. The chapel is shown on a map of 1821 and appears as today, except for a small rear extension built between 1843 and 1886. The facade of the school room was originally half-timbered and it functioned as a Day school until 1879 when a Board school opened. It continued in use as a Sunday School.

Exterior

Capel Adfa is a massive structure consisting of 3 parts: A galleried chapel, a 3-storey caretaker's house with cellar to the W, and a school room and stables to the E. Constructed of rubble masonry which is rendered and white-washed to the S and E, and slate hung to the W. Slate roofs and 2 rendered brick stacks, one at W end and one to W of school room. Traditional lateral entry style chapel. The front (S) elevation is symmetrical and all the openings are under round heads. There are 2 doors, one at each end, panelled and moulded, with an overlight containing Y-shaped glazing bars. Between, are 2 tall windows each with wooden Y-shaped glazing bars under the head and 12 panes below. 2 similar, but shorter windows are located under the roof line close to the doors in order to light the gallery. The rear has 6 small pane, cast iron windows under round arched heads, 3 to the gallery and 3 below. 2 small lean-to structures towards the W.

The school room and stable block is a lean-to to the E end, although it is almost certainly contemporary with the chapel. It has a half-hipped roof with cusped barge boards and a central gablet. The E facade was originally timber-framed. The school room is entered from the S via masonry steps bounded by iron railings. Plain planked door under a round arch with overlight. The E facade has 2 modern casement windows at first floor level, and there is a small cast iron 4-pane window on the N side under a round arch with voussoirs. Below the school room are 2 stables entered from the E. The doors, at the N side of each stable, are modern and there is a small light to the S of each one. A brick pier abuts the SE corner of the stables, probably for structural reasons. The caretaker's house is at the W end with a plain planked door on the S side under a round arch with overlight. There are 3 modern casement windows, probably in earlier openings, one to each storey. To the rear, the house projects slightly from the chapel, and there is a rear planked door. There are two 4-pane cast iron windows, 1 to the ground and 1 to the first floor.

Interior

Galleried interior with pulpit and sĂȘt fawr located on S (lateral) side. The gallery is supported by 6 narrow cast iron columns with a moulded, plaster cornice supporting a panelled and decorated wooden frontage. It is accessed from 2 staircases, one in each rear corner, and there are 3 rows of pews. On the lower level there are 6 rows of pews with moulded chamfered bench ends, and further pews at right angles towards the front. The pulpit is ornately carved in late C19 style and includes recessed lancet-shaped panels and decorated newel post heads. The detail includes ornate plaster ceiling roses and coving, and wood panelling to the lower levels of the walls. Concealed king-post roof structure constructed from round posts. The school room has wood panelling to the lower levels. The S stable is particularly well preserved and retains its 3 stalls, tethering rings, manger, hay rack and cobbled floor with drainage gully. The caretaker's house has a living room, kitchen and wash house to the rear. A large attic room at the top was apparently used for Sunday School tea parties.

The chapel has a narrow forecourt bounded by iron railings on a stone plinth.

Reasons for Listing

The chapel is listed because of its impressive scale and its well preserved, unusual plan-form including house, school room and stables. The quality of the interior is high, and the building has important historical association with the Calvinistic Methodist preacher, Lewis Evan, whose memorial is located in the forecourt.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Memorial to Lewis Evan
    Located in the southern forecourt of Capel Adfa and bounded by iron railings which front the road.
  • II Neuadd Goch
    Situated close to the River Rhiw at the end of a narrow lane leading approximately 1 km NE off the route from Llanllugan to Adfa.
  • II Llwyn-y-brain
    Located on low-lying ground at the end of a narrow lane which leads N from the Llanwyddelan to Adfa road.
  • II* Church of St Mary
    Located in a prominent position in the small village of Llanllugan within a roughly circular churchyard.
  • II* Gwernfyda (also known as Gwern-y-Fedw) including attached barns
    Located approximately 1.5km SW of Llanllugan, on a lane which links Cefn Coch with Adfa. The house is situated on a probable platform site at the bottom of a hillside, and faces SE.

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