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War Memorial within Railed Enclosure

A Grade II Listed Building in Machen, Caerphilly

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Latitude: 51.596 / 51°35'45"N

Longitude: -3.1375 / 3°8'14"W

OS Eastings: 321304

OS Northings: 189181

OS Grid: ST213891

Mapcode National: GBR HZ.BRHW

Mapcode Global: VH6DV.K4PW

Entry Name: War Memorial within Railed Enclosure

Listing Date: 8 February 1999

Last Amended: 8 February 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21305

Building Class: Commemorative

Location: Located off the N side of Commercial Road at the bottom of a grassed slope which rises up to the churchyard of St John's Church.

County: Caerphilly

Town: Caerphilly

Community: Bedwas, Trethomas and Machen (Bedwas, Tretomos a Machen)

Community: Bedwas, Trethomas and Machen

Locality: Machen

Built-Up Area: Machen

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Erected to commemorate those who fell in the Great War (1914-18). An additional inscription records those who died in World War II (1939-45).


War memorial in the form of a ring-headed Celtic cross. Tapering shaft and cross of white marble with black inclusions in a rough finish. The arms of the cross have interlaced circles in relief. The shaft is supported on a rectangular base with chamfered upper edges. The front bears the inscription 'To the glory of God / and in honoured memory of the men of this parish / who fell in the Great War 1914 - 18'. The men are listed below. Those who died in World War II are listed on the E face of the base. The base is supported on a 3-tier rectangular plinth comprising wide steps and constructed of the same marble.

The monument is located within an enclosure of low red brick walls with chamfered copings, which support iron railings. These have plain widely-spaced uprights, and 3 horizontal rails. The lower tier contains circles. The front wall of the enclosure is concave in plan, and contains the entrance, which is approached by splayed steps. Double iron gates, similar in style to the railings, but with dog rails to the base.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a commemorative monument of historic interest, in a prominent position close to the church.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Church of St John
    Located in a high position on the E side of Machen village. Surrounded by a churchyard, from which the ground falls to the south towards the A468.
  • II Barn at Rhydygwern Farm
    On NE side of and at right angles to house, facing the farm yard.
  • II Rhydygwern Farm
    On high ground overlooking the Rhymney valley floodplain, approximately 3km NE of Rudry Church, on E side of a minor road between Draethen and Machen.
  • II Gelli Wastad
    The house occupies a site cut into the hillside overlooking the River Rhymney. The A468 road runs to the rear of the house, with former farm buildings to the E.
  • II Volland House, The Forge, No 3 and Volland Cottage
    On the W side of Lower Machen and on the N side of the main road through the village.
  • II Garden walls to S, W and N of Nantygarth
    On the W side of Lower Machen and on the N side of the main road through the village.
  • II Beebole at Machen House
    Freestanding on the lawn to rear of the house opposite the Bothy. Machen House is set in its own grounds beside the Parish Church.
  • II The Toll House
    On the W side of Lower Machen and on the S side of the main road through the village.

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