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Penrhyn Park Boundary Wall (partly in Llanllechid community)

A Grade II Listed Building in Llandygai, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2323 / 53°13'56"N

Longitude: -4.1061 / 4°6'21"W

OS Eastings: 259520

OS Northings: 372660

OS Grid: SH595726

Mapcode National: GBR 5Q.0C21

Mapcode Global: WH547.W0WV

Entry Name: Penrhyn Park Boundary Wall (partly in Llanllechid community)

Listing Date: 24 May 2000

Last Amended: 24 May 2000

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 23394

Building Class: Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

Location: Encloses the historic parkland of Penrhyn Castle to form Penrhyn Park.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Llandygai (Llandyg√°i)

Community: Llandygai

Locality: Penrhyn Park

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Llandegfan

History

Work on the park wall appears to have begun in 1819 under the supervision of William Baxter, clerk of works to the Penrhyn Estate, and to have continued during the 1820s. The park itself was extended east of the Afon Ogwen at this period.

Exterior

Park wall enclosing roughly circular-shaped park. Roughly coursed rubblestone (in 2 distinct bands) from the Cochwillan and other quarries with a coping of irregular Penrhyn Quarry slate slabs set on edge; the wall is approximately 11km in length and, at its tallest, 4m in height. On the west side the wall runs from the Grand Lodge entrance to the park beside the main A 5122 road and past Home Farm towards Bangor, leaving the road close to the municipal cemetery to run north-eastwards along the park boundary towards Port Lodge and Porth Penrhyn, which it skirts just to the east and where it meets the sea. To the east of Grand Lodge the wall follows the driveway to the castle, the estate village of Llanygai lying immediately to its south, joining the road between the village and Tal-y-bont (the old main road from Bangor to Conwy) just to the west of the bridge over the Afon Ogwen. East of the river the wall is in Llanllechid community, runs past the lodge at the south-east entrance to the park and leaves the road again at the point where it crosses the Chester-Holyhead railway; from here the wall runs north-eastwards to join the minor road to Aber-Ogwen, which it passes on the west, meeting the sea once more just to the west of the river, back once more in Llandygai community, where the wall becomes a sea retaining wall.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an important example of a complete early C19 boundary wall and for its contribution to the historic character of a major country house and park of the period. Group value with Grand Lodge and other listed items in Penrhyn Park.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Plas y Coed
    Located at end of drive-way running south-eastwards from the area in front of Port Lodge; tarmac area on north used for car parking; garden to south overlooks Penrhyn Park.
  • II Port Lodge
    Located at west (Porth Penrhyn) entrance to Penrhyn Castle; the park wall continues to north and south; Virginia creeper grows over the higher part of the lodge.
  • II Former Stables at Plas y Coed
    Attached to west end of house at Plas y Coed forming small U-shaped courtyard.
  • II Penrhyn Estate Office
    Situated directly to the east of Port House and approximately 30m north-west of Port Lodge; low rubblestone wall in front with privet hedge following curve of road and ashlar gate piers aligned on mai
  • II The Cottage
    Located to the north-east of Port House and immediately north-west of the Penrhyn Estate Office; the cottage has a small garden in front and is approached from the west by a short flight of steps.
  • II Former Locomotive Shed
    Located on eastern quayside of New Dock towards its southern end at the terminus of the former Penrhyn Railway.
  • II Parapet/Boundary Walls on Port Lodge approach to Penrhyn Castle
    Eastern continuation of abutments to Pont Penrhyn, on the north side running down the lane between the Penrhyn Estate Office and Port House and on the south side towards Port Lodge; the walls also con
  • II Port House
    Located at the southern end of the harbour at Porth Penrhyn on junction of the two approach roads; small slate-paved forecourt with low wall and marks of former railings; garden to rear (south) bounde

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