History in Structure

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1 Gelli Fawr

A Grade II* Listed Building in Whitford, Flintshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2933 / 53°17'35"N

Longitude: -3.3099 / 3°18'35"W

OS Eastings: 312786

OS Northings: 378166

OS Grid: SJ127781

Mapcode National: GBR 5ZBC.65

Mapcode Global: WH76J.4H45

Entry Name: 1 Gelli Fawr

Listing Date: 22 October 1952

Last Amended: 25 May 2001

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 25259

Building Class: Domestic

Location: On the S side of a lane which runs NW from a roundabout on the A5151. The house, now divided, is set back from the road with long front gardens. To the rear, a boundary wall divides the rear gardens

County: Flintshire

Town: Holywell

Community: Whitford (Chwitffordd)

Community: Whitford

Locality: Gelli

Traditional County: Flintshire

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Whitford

History

Gelli was a grange of Basingwerk Abbey, the lands granted by Edward I. The building is said to have contained a cell and a chapel, apparently for performing divine service to the Abbot. Remains of a medieval hall and cross-passage survive, along with a probable gallery and chamber (or chapel) at 1st floor level. The doorway and several pairs of arched lights belong to this phase. After the reformation, the building was converted to a farmhouse, and is illustrated in a publication of 1796. The central doorway and openings to the R are as now, but to the L an external staircase led to an upper storey doorway, next to which was a lateral stack followed by a small window. A 3-light segmental headed window at the E end was replaced in the 1950s by an arched window of Gothic character. The house had been divided into 2 dwellings by 1871.

Interior

The front room was the outer or service room of the sub-medieval house, to the R of the cross-passage (now in 1 Gelli Fawr). To the rear is a room of the C18-19, with a late C20 extension behind. The current entrance leads into the kitchen in the modern extension. There is also a half-glazed panelled door which leads into the front room. Inside this room is a blocked doorway offset to the L of the front with a Tudor-arched head and large stone jambs. The ceiling has 1 spine beam with narrow chamfer and pegs, which may have held a partition, and plain joists. The small window in the E end has splayed reveals. The S wall of the room contains a small stone fireplace, which previously had a stone head, now covered over. On the rear side of the fireplace, an opening was found in the wall, possibly of an early external window. There used to be a staircase in the front room, now replaced by one in the addition. The upper storey is open to the roof, and a corridor runs along the E side of the house, with bathroom and bedrooms off to the L. A large arched-brace truss is visible against the E gable end of the front range, and there are 3 pairs of purlins, those at the top replaced. The pointed E window has splayed reveals and a wooden lintel. To the L is a further arched-brace truss divided by a partition wall between 2 bedrooms. In the front bedroom, against the front wall, is a doorway with Tudor arched head (relating to the external doorway).

Reasons for Listing

Listed grade II* as an exceptionally fine house with medieval origins and a complex history, which retains sub-medieval character and detail.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* 2 Gelli Fawr
    On the S side of a lane which runs NW from a roundabout on the A5151. The house, now divided, is set back from the road with long front gardens. To the rear, a boundary wall divides the rear gardens
  • II Limekilns
    Located in woodland just N of a footpath which leads E from Gelli to the Mynydd y Garreg tower.
  • II Mynydd y Garreg Tower
    Located on top of the hill in Coed y Garreg woods at the highest point in the parish. Accessible by footpaths from the S and W.
  • II Rhydwen Fach
    Fronting the A5151 which runs N from the A55 trunk road towards Lloc.
  • II Plas Uchaf Bach
    Located on the S side of a lane running NW from Whitford village, at a triangular road junction. The lane to the N runs past Plas Uchaf Farmhouse to Tre Mostyn.
  • II Pen Llwyn Farmhouse
    Set back from the W side of a lane which runs NE off the A55 trunk road. The front faces E, the current entrance to the rear.
  • II* Plas Uchaf
    Set down and on the W side of the lane which runs N from Whitford to Tre Mostyn.
  • II Cart-Shed at Plas Uchaf
    The rear of the building runs alongside the road, whilst the front faces E into the farmyard. The house is on the opposite side of the road to the W.

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