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48, 49 and 49a, Churchgate Street

A Grade II* Listed Building in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.2433 / 52°14'35"N

Longitude: 0.7146 / 0°42'52"E

OS Eastings: 585430

OS Northings: 264041

OS Grid: TL854640

Mapcode National: GBR QF0.7J3

Mapcode Global: VHKD4.BWM4

Entry Name: 48, 49 and 49a, Churchgate Street

Listing Date: 12 July 1972

Last Amended: 30 October 1997

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1248214

English Heritage Legacy ID: 466722

Location: Bury St. Edmunds, St. Edmundsbury, Suffolk, IP33

County: Suffolk

District: St. Edmundsbury

Civil Parish: Bury St Edmunds

Built-Up Area: Bury St Edmunds

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Bury St Edmunds St Mary

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

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Bury Saint Edmunds

Listing Text


639-1/14/255 (South side)
12/07/72 Nos.48, 49 AND 49A
(Formerly Listed as:
(South side)
Nos.47, 48, 49 AND 49A)
(Formerly Listed as:


Includes: No.1 COLLEGE STREET.
House, later divided into 3, with a corner shop. Core of
c1300; early C16 alterations; late C18/early C19 modifications
and extensions. Timber-framed and roughcast-rendered;
plaintiled roofs.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys, attic and cellar; on a corner site with a
return front to No.1 College Street. 3 window range to
Churchgate Street and 2 window range to College Street: all
16-pane sashes in flush cased frames. No.49A, the corner shop,
is on the ground storey only. The C19 shop front has a window
with glazing bars to each street and a half-glazed corner
door, panelled stall boards and a continuous moulded cornice
and fascia. A lead-covered segmental-headed dormer on the
College Street frontage has a 12-pane sash window. The 3 house
doors have doorcases with plain wood pilasters and flat
cornice hoods.
INTERIOR: cellar overlapping with No.2 College Street (qv)
contains re-used stone blocks. The rear part of No.48 contains
2 bays of a former aisled open hall of c1300: in the party
wall with No.49 is part of one end truss with passing braces;
the rear wall of the hall originally stood further to the
south. A chimney-stack with a single hearth, inserted in the
early C16 several feet in front of the truss, has a back wall
of large limestone blocks, and is faced on the front and
around the hearth with Tudor brick. The jambs of the fireplace
are of chamfered stone blocks; a C20 replacement lintel.
A section of herringbone brickwork at the back of the hearth
is not central to the present fireplace, and suggests that the
hearth had an earlier form. A large inserted main ceiling
beam, reused from another site and with evidence of charring,
is carved on the sides and soffit with a variant of folded
leaf motif in which the leaves encircle a straight stem. The
beam is brattished on the side facing the stack with housings

at one end for moulded joists. A short trimmer and a section
of plain unchamfered joists link it with the brickwork of the
On the upper storey, substantial studding and a blocked window
opening in the original front wall have been exposed: this
stood back from the street; the house was extended forwards
during remodelling in the early C19, when the roof was
replaced at a shallow pitch. The upper front wall also has the
remains of early C17 painted decoration in a black-and-white
design of formalised flowers set in surrounds. No.49, with
No.1 College Street, originally formed a storied and jettied
cross-wing to the aisled hall in No.48.
The south gable wall, adjoining No.2 College Street (qv), has
the remains of an end truss with passing braces which are
halved against the collar and across double tie-beams. The
wallplates along the east and west walls are clasped between
these tie-beams and along the west side they overhang,
indicating an original long jetty. The ceiling-beams on the
ground storey include a dragon-beam, showing that the
Churchgate Street front was also jettied with a corner-post.
The C13 remains are incomplete, but sufficient to indicate
that this is the earliest timber-framed building found in the
town, while the evidence of clasping tie-beams is so far
unique in Suffolk.

Listing NGR: TL8543064041

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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