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Coleg y Groes (The College)

A Grade II* Listed Building in Corwen, Denbighshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9798 / 52°58'47"N

Longitude: -3.3732 / 3°22'23"W

OS Eastings: 307897

OS Northings: 343372

OS Grid: SJ078433

Mapcode National: GBR 6P.J93Y

Mapcode Global: WH781.4CZH

Plus Code: 9C4RXJHG+WP

Entry Name: Coleg y Groes (The College)

Listing Date: 20 October 1966

Last Amended: 1 February 1995

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 668

Building Class: Health and Welfare

Location: At the rear of the churchyard.

County: Denbighshire

Community: Corwen

Community: Corwen

Built-Up Area: Corwen

Traditional County: Merionethshire

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Corwen

History

Established in 1750 by William Eyton of Plas Warren, Shropshire, as almshouses for the widows of Merioneth clergy. Reputedly, the site has earlier origins as an ecclesiatical collegiate foundation, although these are not documented. Originally 6 dwellings. Converted into 2 houses in 1938, and now in single occupation as a retreat centre.

Exterior

Roughly coursed rubble with high plinth; slate roof with yellow brick gable end and axial stacks. Symmetrically planned about a central entrance, originally laid out with 3 dwellings to either side, facing inwards. Advanced gabled entrance bay with high segmental archway to gateway, with inscription stone above. 3 x4-pane sash windows aligned with similar windows in hipped dormers in the roof to either side of the entrance. Courtyard elevation originally set out with 3 single unit dwellings to either side of the entrance: Left hand range has blocked outer doorway, the 2 surviving doorways have timber gabled porches. 4-pane sash window to left, and canted bay window (a later addition) to the right. Similar porch to inner doorway of right hand range, with canted bay window, 4-pane sash window and blocked door to right. Lean-to porch added in angle with single storeyed cross wing which forms the E boundary of the compound, and which was formerly the bakehouse. It is balanced by a low toilet block to the W.

Interior

The original C18 internal layout survives substantially intact with small modifications consistent with changing use: each of the original dwellings had a single room on each floor: chamfered spine beams in lower rooms, deep fireplaces (some blocked), with stairs winding in the angle of the chinmney breast (some now removed).

Reasons for Listing

Part of an important group of buildings around the churchyard, Coleg y Groes represents an excellent example of a C18 almshouse building, retaining much of its early character.

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