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Town Walls

A Grade II* Listed Building in Cowbridge, Vale of Glamorgan

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4615 / 51°27'41"N

Longitude: -3.4514 / 3°27'4"W

OS Eastings: 299268

OS Northings: 174618

OS Grid: SS992746

Mapcode National: GBR HK.M4LF

Mapcode Global: VH6F8.4J8F

Plus Code: 9C3RFG6X+JF

Entry Name: Town Walls

Listing Date: 5 December 1963

Last Amended: 16 September 1999

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13181

Building Class: Defence

Location: On E side of The Butts, from rear of Mason's Arms, to bastion at SW angle, thence along N side of Town Mill Road.

County: Vale of Glamorgan

Community: Cowbridge with Llanblethian (Y Bont-faen a Llanfleiddan)

Community: Cowbridge with Llanblethian

Locality: Cowbridge

Built-Up Area: Cowbridge

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Cowbridge

History

Earl Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Glamorgan, is thought to have directed in 1266 the building of protective walls round the boroughs of Cowbridge, Neath and Cardiff. The oldest parts of the present walls in Cowbridge probably date from early C14, and face The Butts; it is not certain how far the walls facing Town Mill Road are original. Rose Cottage and adjoining garden walls have almost certainly been built on the line of the walls, and probably incorporate the Town Walls in their own walling or foundations.

Exterior

Stone rubble, about 3.5 metres high on average, formerly apparently rising to about 7.6 metres and with an internal wall walk. The walls in the Butts are castellated and have a bastion at their SW angle, circular in plan, with polygonal upper storey and was probably used as a summer-house in the post-medieval period. Doorway through to gardens, to S of Mason's Arms; facing gardens, inner retaining wall to walkway which is turfed. To E of bastion, walls pierced by 2 doorways, a round-headed one to W, and to E, doorway with Tudor head, and to N, facing gardens, stone rubble gate piers with moulded copings.

The walls extend to W, as garden walls on footing of medieval walls (See separate entry under Town Mill Road).

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