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Nos 1-13 (consec) Middle Row & attached Windsor Arms PH

A Grade II Listed Building in Rhymney, Caerphilly

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7739 / 51°46'26"N

Longitude: -3.2997 / 3°17'58"W

OS Eastings: 310420

OS Northings: 209160

OS Grid: SO104091

Mapcode National: GBR YT.ZD4N

Mapcode Global: VH6CS.RNFZ

Entry Name: Nos 1-13 (consec) Middle Row & attached Windsor Arms PH

Listing Date: 24 July 1973

Last Amended: 15 May 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 13548

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Bute Town is situated SW of Rhymney Bridge, W of Llechryd and off the A469, reached by a short drive; Middle Row is the middle of the 3 terraces.

County: Caerphilly

Town: Rhymney

Community: Rhymney (Rhymni)

Community: Rhymney

Locality: Bute Town

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Rhymney

History

Union Ironworks were established on the other (E) side of the Rhymney River c1800-02, soon becoming the property of the Crawshay Ironmasters, managed by Richard Johnson. In 1825 a new ironworks was begun on the opposite bank on land owned by the Marquis of Bute, with their notable Egyptian furnaces 'adapted from the most striking part of the ruins of Dandyra in Upper Egypt' built by McCulloch; in 1828 an exhibition of drawings and engravings of the structures was displayed at the Royal Academy. These terraces were built nearby to house the ironworkers. Constructed to a high standard, the plan was probably based on James Adams' planned village at Lowther in Cumbria of 1765. Originally conceived as a larger model village; the foundations of a fourth row were laid to S but the exhaustion of the ironworkings did not justify its development. On Rhymney Ironworks Company map dated 1838, the year after the company was formed though the map was later, the settlement is called New Town; it later became known as Bute Town. Pond to provide water to drive the blast water wheel is shown to W; this is still in existence though reshaped. OS map of 1873-5 shows the Rhymney Branch of the London and NW Railway passing to W. Since listing in 1973 and a renovation programme in 1979 the terraces have gradually recovered a more homogeneous appearance eg removal of pebbledash cladding from some exteriors and standardisation of windows into 2-pane horned sashes and doors now all boarded with a glazed panel. This applies only to frontages; to rear and sides windows have not been standardised. The original windows are however likely to have been similar to the small pane iron framed windows in the Museum on Lower Row and the masonry to have been rendered.

Exterior

Terrace of 2 and 3 storey early C19 ironworkers' houses, similar to terraces of Collins and Lower Rows. Plan of two outer bays and central 3-storey bay all projecting with recessed bays between. Thus from SW (left) end: left bay Nos.1 and 2, centre bay Nos.7,8,8a,9, and end right bay the Windsor Arms PH all project. Each house except the central range and PH has a single window range and door; the central houses are in pairs, each pair share a 3-window range (centre windows blocked in each case) with outer doorways, there are 4 numbers to this bay as elsewhere. Across all 3 terraces the plan is very nearly but not quite symmetrical. Built of roughly coursed stone rubble with shallow pitched hipped roofs of stone slates, separate hipped roof to the centre range, chunky ridge stacks mostly shared; deep overhanging boarded eaves. Windows are horned sashes without glazing bars, yellow brick sills. Boarded doors, mostly recessed, have a glazed panel. Openings have slightly cambered heads, some with iron lintels showing, with rough voussoirs and surrounds.

Nos.1 and 2 project with doors to left, 1 stack. Nos.3-6 are recessed, doors to Nos.3 and 4 are to left, doors to Nos.5 and 6 are to right, 3 stacks. Nos.7-9, the 3-storey central bay, project - one doorway is un-numbered, actually No.8a, with 2 broad stacks. Nos.10-13 are recessed, doors to Nos.10,11,12 are to left, door to No.13 is to right, 4 stacks. The Windsor Arms PH projects, a 3-window range to each floor and doorway centre right, no stacks. Outshuts and walled gardens to rear.

Interior

Original interior plan of two rooms on each floor, double depths, with fireplaces in each room and spiral staircase beside.

Reasons for Listing

Listed, notwithstanding external changes in character, as amongst the earliest planned industrial housing in the Welsh Valleys. Group value with other listed buildings at Bute Town.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Nos 14-28 (consec) Lower Row
    Bute Town is situated SW of Rhymney Bridge, W of Llechryd and off the A 469, reached by a short drive; Lower Row is the southernmost of the 3 terraces.
  • II Nos 1-14 (consec) Collins Row
    Bute Town is situated SW of Rhymney Bridge, W of Llechryd and just E of the A469, reached by a short drive; Collins Row is the N terrace.
  • II Old Furnace Farmhouse
    Located at the top of a short track from the B4257 south of Rhymney Bridge.
  • II Rhymney House Hotel
    On the main thoroughfare N of Rhymney town, SE of Rhymney Bridge and due E of Bute Town, set slightly above the road in a terraced garden.
  • II Ebenezer Calvinistic Methodist Chapel including vestry
    Located in small graveyard opposite a terrace of houses.
  • II 1-4 Susannah Houses (consec)
    At the NE edge of the town, just beyond the housing estate, on a lane leading to Brynoer Patch.
  • II* Penuel Baptist Church
    Located some 100m W of Post Office, on NW side of street, set in grassed yard with iron railings.
  • II* Church of St David
    On the main thoroughfare a little N of the town centre, surrounded by an extensive walled churchyard sloping to S and W.

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