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Haulage Engine and Pitman's Cabin

A Grade II Listed Building in Blaenavon, Torfaen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7724 / 51°46'20"N

Longitude: -3.105 / 3°6'17"W

OS Eastings: 323855

OS Northings: 208769

OS Grid: SO238087

Mapcode National: GBR F2.ZDFZ

Mapcode Global: VH79C.4QD4

Entry Name: Haulage Engine and Pitman's Cabin

Listing Date: 9 February 1995

Last Amended: 9 February 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 15287

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Situated to the rear of the electrical workshops.

County: Torfaen

Community: Blaenavon (Blaenafon)

Community: Blaenavon

Locality: Big Pit Mining Museum

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Blaenavon

History

The engine house provided haulage power for a drift mine in the hillside above the present car park. The operator was responsible for maintaining the shaft and its equipment. Big Pit was operated in connection with Blaenavon Ironworks, then by the National Coal Board from 1947 to 1980. Underground workings date from the early C19 but the shaft on this site was sunk in 1860. The present surface structures date from between c1900 and the 1970's. This piecemeal development was typical of mines in South Wales and it is now the most complete remaining, having been reopened as a museum in 1983.

Exterior

Rectangular one storey building in red and yellow brick, with extension to its north-east elevation. The north-west elevation of the engine house has a flight of steps leading to a doorway with small window to one side. The south-west has one large blocked opening. Brackets support the verges under the pitched roof. The Pitman's Cabin has a stable door on its north-west elevation. The north-east elevation has a brick base built against it, with four pipes protruding vertically. It has a catslide roof.

Interior

No equipment survives in the engine house which is now used for storage. The pitman's cabin has a wooden bench and tools.

Reasons for Listing

Included for group value with other listed items at this exceptionally complete colliery site.

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