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Former Llanbradach Colliery winding engine house

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanbradach, Caerphilly

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6106 / 51°36'38"N

Longitude: -3.2317 / 3°13'53"W

OS Eastings: 314809

OS Northings: 190920

OS Grid: ST148909

Mapcode National: GBR HV.9RV4

Mapcode Global: VH6DL.XSX4

Entry Name: Former Llanbradach Colliery winding engine house

Listing Date: 23 July 1999

Last Amended: 23 July 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22096

Building Class: Industrial

Location: Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The winding house is sited on the upper level of the colliery to the S of the reservoir and engine hall and immediately W of Col

County: Caerphilly

Community: Llanbradach and Pwllypant (Llanbradach a Phwll-y-pant)

Community: Llanbradach and Pwllypant

Locality: Llanbradach Colliery

Built-Up Area: Llanbradach

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Caerphilly

History

Llanbradach Colliery was opened in 1894 by Cardiff Steam Coal Collieries Ltd. Although one of the smaller coal companies, it became one of the largest collieries in South Wales, employing 3000 colliers at its peak in 1913. It continued in operation after nationalisation but was closed in 1961. Ordnance Survey maps suggest 2 main phases of development, the extant structures mostly belonging to the second phase, of the early C20, when most of the original buildings appear to have been replaced. Most of the colliery buildings have survived and have been in use for a variety of light industrial purposes. They form an unusually complete and impressive colliery complex prominently sited overlooking the Rhymney Valley.

The winding house is first shown on the 1915 Ordnance Survey, when it had a structure attached on its SE side, and replaced an earlier winding house on the site.

Exterior

A tall gabled structure built into the hillside and oriented to the former shaft below to the E. Of coursed rock-faced sandstone and replaced tile roof behind coped gables. The downhill (E) gable end, facing the former shaft, has a tall blocked opening designed for the winding cables, under a keyed segmental arch and flanked by buttresses, with inserted windows to the L and R. In the S wall is an added lean-to to the R, to the L of which are 3 segmental-headed windows in the upper storey with original iron-frame glazing to centre and R. Similar ground-floor openings have now been altered by insertion of doorways, but an original doorway at the L end has replaced double doors. The 4-window N wall has similar openings to the S, some of which are blocked. The uphill (W) gable end has a Diocletian window part cut through to make a doorway from road level to the upper storey. Beneath it is an added projection.

Interior

The interior has been subdivided into workshops and offices.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a large and well-constructed winding engine house and for group value with other associated items at Llanbradach Colliery.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Former Llanbradach Colliery brick reservoir
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The reservoir is sited immediately E of Colliery Road with the engine hall to the N and winding house to the S.
  • II Former Llanbradach Colliery upper revetment wall
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The upper revetment wall is sited at the middle level of the colliery complex below the engine hall and winding house.
  • II Former Llanbradach Colliery fan house
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The fan house is sited on the middle level of the colliery, S of the yard and engineering shops.
  • II Former Llanbradach Colliery engine hall
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The engine hall is on the uppermost level at the NW end of the colliery.
  • II Former Llandbradach Colliery workshops range
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The former workshops are sited at the lower level of the site, E of the fan house.
  • II Former Llanbradach Colliery engineering shops
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The engineering shops are sited on the E side of the engine hall, at a lower level, and N of the yard and fan house.
  • II Former Llanbradach Colliery middle revetment wall
    Llanbradach Colliery is on the steep hillside to the W of the village. The middle revetment wall is sited immediately E of the engineering shops and fan house.
  • II Llanbradach War Memorial
    Located in the centre of the village, opposite the site of the demolished parish church, with the recreation ground behind.

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