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Citrus House

A Grade II Listed Building in Margam, Neath Port Talbot

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5626 / 51°33'45"N

Longitude: -3.7328 / 3°43'58"W

OS Eastings: 279984

OS Northings: 186276

OS Grid: SS799862

Mapcode National: GBR H5.DZR8

Mapcode Global: VH5H2.7ZZJ

Entry Name: Citrus House

Listing Date: 25 April 2000

Last Amended: 25 April 2000

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 23264

Building Class: Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

Location: The citrus house is prominently located in Margam Park to the NW of the orangery. It faces S towards the ornamental pool.

County: Neath Port Talbot

Town: Port Talbot

Community: Margam

Community: Margam

Locality: Margam Park

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Margam

History

Built c1800 to replace earlier greenhouses. It was designed for fixed citrus trees in heated beds. Forty orange trees, trained up trellises, were recorded in the citrus house in 1842. It was later described as a winter garden for 'promenading in dull weather'. The glass house leans against a wall which appears to be part of an earlier structure, whilst the rear lean-tos were for fruit and general storage.

Exterior

Long lean-to glass house with pavillions at each end. Fully glazed and on a low limestone plinth with chamfered top edge. Short upright section, 1 pane high, above which is a gambrel roof. Vertical wooden struts, between which are overlapping panes of glass with curved ends. Every 4th strut is heavier. Opening lights, 4 panes wide and 1 pane high, horizontally hung and operated by interior iron mechanism. They are located along the top and in the short upright section at the bottom. Short central glazed door 4 panes wide. The sill of the door is lower than the plinth, and the pitched roof section above is horizontally hung like the windows. The rubble stone wall supporting the glass house has a stone coping.

The tall narrow flanking pavilions have glazed pitched hipped roofs at right angles to the main range. They have rendered stone facades with flat heads and low parapets and are built on plinths 3 courses high. Central doorways under recessed round heads (one bearing sign, Citrus House) containing late C20 panelled doors. Recessed oval panel above, and flanking full-height panels. The exterior side walls are of rubble stone, rendered to the W. Quoins to rear of E wall.

To the rear are 3 lean-to structures against the central dividing wall. In the centre is a loft, probably for drying or keeping fruit. It has a wide full-height central entrance with stone jambs, paved with stone, brick and part of a mill stone. Planked doors with timber lintels and stone jambs lead off to the L and R. Loft above. The E front wall projects slightly and has no openings. The W front has 3 ventilation slits and 2 wide boarded openings with stone sills to the loft. To the E is a glazed lean-to with door to E end. A late C20 toilet block is to the W, of rubble stone with slate roof, wooden planked doors and small windows.

Interior

No access to interior at time of inspection, but decorative cast iron heating vents are visible in the floor.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a large glass-house of early date retaining considerable architectural character. Group value with orangery and other structures at Margam Park.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Former Changing Room
    Located in front of the Citrus House and facing the ornamental pool which is to the SE.
  • II Retaining Wall adjoining Citrus House
    The wall runs E and links the Citrus House with the almshouses and Ivy Cottage.
  • II Ornamental Pool
    In a prominent location in Margam Park, diagonally below the Orangery to the E and the citrus house to the N. Surrounded by lawn and tulip trees.
  • II Kitchen Garden Walls including Vinery Glasshouse
    The kitchen garden wall forms the N boundary of the gardens and flanks the lane leading to the abbey. A wall at right angles runs S to the Vinery Glasshouse.
  • II Almshouses
    Located on the S side of the lane which leads off the A48 to St Mary's Abbey Church. The almshouses are opposite the churchyard entrance.
  • I Ivy Cottage including Facade of Former Banqueting House
    Located along the N boundary of the gardens, N of the Orangery and SE of the kitchen gardens. The facade faces W into the park, whilst the cottage is outside the park boundary.
  • II Middle Lodge
    Located on the N side of the road which leads to St Mary's Abbey Church. A further lane runs to the rear up towards Cwm Bach. In a slightly raised position with a retaining wall to the front.
  • II War Memorial
    Located immediately outside and to the R of the entrance gates to St Mary's Abbey Church and churchyard.

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