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Menai Suspension Bridge (CROWN PROPERTY)

A Grade I Listed Building in Menai Bridge, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.221 / 53°13'15"N

Longitude: -4.164 / 4°9'50"W

OS Eastings: 255619

OS Northings: 371510

OS Grid: SH556715

Mapcode National: GBR 5N.12Z2

Mapcode Global: WH547.09FK

Entry Name: Menai Suspension Bridge (CROWN PROPERTY)

Listing Date: 2 August 1988

Last Amended: 2 August 1988

Grade: I

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4049

Building Class: Transport

Location: Spanning the Menai Straits to W of the city.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Menai Bridge (Porthaethwy)

Community: Bangor

Built-Up Area: Menai Bridge

Traditional County: Anglesey

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Menai Bridge

History

Built 1818 to 1826 by Thomas Telford. This renowned bridge completed the London to Holyhead Turnpike Road. The site was chosen because of its steep bankis enabling the erection of a high bridge to satisfy the Admiralty's requirements. The construction was a development of Telford's own design for an unexecuted bridge over the Mersey and that by Captain Brown over the Tweed. Opened 30 January 1826 - 100ft high, 28ft wide roadway and with a single suspended span of 579ft; 130ft longer than any previously built bridge. Reconstructed 1938-40 by Sir Alexander Gibb.

Exterior

Coursed rubble Penmon masonry with ashlar facings to the tapered suspension towers or 'pyramids' from which the deck is hung on a system of 16 chains (originally iron, now steel) with pins. These are carried down at either end to a point deep in the rock. 4 arches to Anglesey side and 3 to Bangor side, over tapered piers; voussoirs, impost bands and bracket cornice above. The later metal pedestrial walkways are further bracketed out; originally there was just the narrow central pavement. Each carriageway passes under the towers through semicircular arched openings, matched above by paired blind recesses over inscribed tablets. The handrails continue as far as the low tapered piers with pyramidal caps at each end and on the mainland side trellised railings continue to either side and sweep round to terminate in similar piers with panelled recesses.

At the mainland end the suspending members are taken into the former Toll House, a low 3-storey classical ashlar faced building with channelled rustication to ground floor. 3-bay front facing bridge with broad and taller end pilasters and arched entries; central bay advanced and taller and flanking bays have 12-pane sash windows below blind recessed panels; arched openings to ground floor 'loggia'. 2-bay side elevations with similar detail. The building ramps down at rear which is part modernised. Later toll houses were built at either end of the bridge.

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Other nearby listed buildings

  • I Menai Suspension Bridge
    Spanning the Menai Strait S of Menai Bridge.
  • II* The Cambria
    Near the foot of Menai Bridge on the E side, overlooking the Menai Straits, on the NW side of Cambria Road, leading from Beach Road.
  • II Cottage on W side of Beach Road
    Single storey cottage set between two storeyed houses on the west side of Beach Road, below the Cambria in Menai Bridge, close to the Strait.
  • II New Street
    New Street is between the main road through the settlement and the shore line, NE of the suspension bridge on the west side of a rocky outcrop.
  • II The Foundry
    In the lower part of Menai Bridge, alongside the Menai Strait, running at right angles from the shore to Beach Road. There is a yard area to the north.
  • II New Street
    New Street is between the main road through the settlement and the shore line, NE of the suspension bridge on the west side of a rocky outcrop.
  • II Craig yr Halen
    Located in grounds at the lower end of Menai Bridge off Beach Road, SW of the Anglesey Arms Hotel
  • II Former Police Station
    Located on the west side of Beach Road, in the lower part of Menai Bridge. Abutting the northern end is the former courthouse.

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