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Church of St David

A Grade II Listed Building in Pencoed, Bridgend

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5282 / 51°31'41"N

Longitude: -3.4973 / 3°29'50"W

OS Eastings: 296229

OS Northings: 182091

OS Grid: SS962820

Mapcode National: GBR HH.GYVT

Mapcode Global: VH5HD.BVHC

Entry Name: Church of St David

Listing Date: 4 March 1998

Last Amended: 4 March 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 19478

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Located on the W side of Penprysg Road to the N of Pencoed County Junior School. The church is situated in a large plot with car park to the S and graveyard to the rear.

County: Bridgend

Community: Pencoed (Pen-coed)

Community: Pencoed

Built-Up Area: Pencoed

Traditional County: Glamorgan

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Pencoed

History

There is some dispute regarding the date and history of the church. However, it is labelled as a church on the 6” Ordnance Survey of 1885, is recorded as a church in 1865 and was possibly built in 1862. It was a chapel of ease to the parish church of Coychurch, but functioned as a school room during the week, before the construction of the Board School on the plot to the S in 1879. It was licensed for services in 1915, for marriages in 1922, and for the consecration of the burial ground in 1924. The doorways in the porch had to be moved to accommodate coffins, and this is supported by physical evidence. If built as a church, it is hard to explain why the chancel is at the W end. It could have been built as a school and then converted to a church.

Exterior

Small simple Early English-style church consisting of nave, chancel, porch and bellcote. The church is unusual because the chancel is at the W end, with bellcote and porch at the E end. Constructed of roughly coursed red and cream masonry on a plinth and under a slate roof. Stone dressings and raised stone copings to gables. The chancel and S nave have a continuous string course. Angle buttresses to nave and diagonal buttresses to chancel. The pointed-arched windows have transomed Y-tracery and diamond quarries, all under stone heads with voussoirs.

The nave has 3 windows to the S side with buttresses between. There are 2 windows to the N side flanking a small lean-to with a C20 planked door. Set above the lean-to is a truncated masonry stack. (There is now a steel flue in the roof pitch which is covered in asbestos-cement slates.) The bellcote is supported on the E gable of the nave. The chancel is narrower and lower than the nave and is flanked by small lean-tos with hipped roofs. That to the S has a planked door with 4-pane window to left, and that to the N has a boarded window. The W window of the chancel is 3-light.

The porch doorway is at the E end, under a segmental arched head with planked doors. There is a small window to the S. Butt joints can be seen to N and S walls, probably defining blocked doorways with dressed reveals which were in use before the church was licensed for burials.

Interior

Simple interior. Narrow pointed chancel arch with chamfers under a hood-mould. The chancel window has stained glass. Simple collar truss roof. Wooden pews in SW corner of nave with moulded arm rests. Small marble memorials to those who died in WWI and WWII. A plaque records that the bellcote was rebuilt in 1989 in memory of Richard David Evans. Scissor-braced roof in porch.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a small well-preserved Gothic-style church of unusual character, which also functioned as a school.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Bridge over Afon Ewenni
    Located off the S side of Penybont Road (B4280), W of a large roundabout at Tregroes, and 0.7km NE of Pencoed. The bridge carries a narrow track to the rear of dwellings along Penybont Road.
  • II War Memorial and Railings
    Located in the centre of Pencoed at the junction of Coychurch Road, Hendre Road and Penybont Road. The GWR and crossing are to the W.
  • II Bridge at Tregroes
    Located on the driveway leading to Tregroes House, just before the drive forms a circle in front of the house. The bridge crosses a small pool or stream which is currently dry.
  • II Tregroes aka Pencoed College
    Located on the NE side of Pencoed village off the A473. Approached by a sweeping driveway which forms a circle in front (S) of the house. There is a stone wall to the E of the driveway with piers.
  • II Salem Chapel
    Located on the E side of Coychurch Road, 0.4km S of the village centre. The chapel is fronted by low stone walls supporting decorative iron railings, and stone piers. The vestry is to the N and the g
  • II Barn at Bryngwenith
    Situated on low lying ground N of Pencoed, at the end of a short track. The barn forms the E side of the farmyard with a range of masonry and concrete stables extending to the N. The farmhouse is to
  • II Milestone, Coychurch Road
    Located on the W side of Coychurch Road (B4280), the main road through Pencoed. The milestone is at the rear of the pavement.
  • II Brynnau Gwynion Overbridge
    To the south west of Brynnau Gwynion, south of the minor road leading to the A473.

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